Properly Inflate The Truck Tires On Your Pickup Truck

P vs. LT Tires

If you are new to over-landing/off-roading and you may want to begin building your perfect rig. The first place I like to start is with tires, and this can lead to some confusion. Tires come in two basic classes, P-passenger tires and LT-light truck tires. Contrary to the names given the tires the vast majority of new trucks and SUV vehicles in the US are sold with P rate tires. I am hoping to write this article to help explain to you how to pick a better set of tires for you rig.

Going back to when we used Bias Ply tires the weight rating system for tire capacity is bases on a letter/number scale: A, B, C, D, E etc. Each letter is 2 ply, so a B tire is a 4 ply, C is 6 ply, E is 10 ply. As a tire goes up in ply rating it can hold more air pressure and carry more weight. P rated tires are considered B rated tires. LT tires begin at C and run up beyond E. Radial tires do not actually add more layers or ply as they did years ago, but construction of the tires can be critical. LT tires are usually made with a more robust sidewall and tread to handle the extra air and weight. This robust construction can be critical in a hauling / off-road rig.

If you look at a standard P class tire and compare it to a LT C rated tire you may notice that the weight carrying ability is close or the same. Tire Manufactures apply a 10% rule with P rate tires on a truck, van, or SUV, which means the P rated tire has to be reduced by 10% in weight carrying ability. So the actual numbers can be deceiving. The reason for this is that trucks tend to carry the majority of their weight in cargo over the rear axle, have a higher center of gravity, and tend to get overloaded more. Passenger cars tend to distribute their weight more evenly over the front and back. Be sure to take this into account if you are looking at tires.

What are the advantages of replacing your tires with a Light Truck grade tire for over-land travel? You will be taking a lot of gear and supplies with you, the weight of all this material will be easier on a LT tire on a long distance travel. It’s better to have an LT tire carrying 80% of its max capacity than a P tire working at 100%. The harder a tire has to work the hotter it will get, this can cause a tire to literally come apart. Another good reason for an LT tire is because of its more robust construction it will be better able to withstand punctures and tears while off-road, and will better handle being aired down for extended off-road trips.

To give an example of this off-road ability I was running a Cooper AT C rated Lt tire, my hunting partner was running a Mastercraft (Cooper made) AT P rated tire. Over a 3 month hunting and trapping season we ran the same logging, fire, and back roads. He had to plug his tires 3 times that season, while I experienced not one issue. He now runs LT tires.

But, there are drawbacks to changing to an LT tire. Robust means more weight. More weight means your engine and transmission will work harder to move the tire, brakes will work harder to stop, and your steering will work harder to move them back and forth. Things will wear out faster. Expect a drop, though slight, in fuel mileage. And, that robust tire will be rougher in ride on the road and off. It will not flex and cushion as much which can stress suspensions and passengers a bit more.

I recommend that if you are trying to choose get on a sites like this and talk to folk who have the same rig, or tire you want to run. Get their advice and opinions. Research your tire brand and look at customer reviews. Also, you will need to deal with a tire shop that will try to tell you that you don’t need a- this grade or that rating. Find a tire shop that deals more in 4×4 off-road vehicles. Do your research and choose wisely for yourself. Good luck, see you on the trail.

Choosing The Right Tire

Everybody needs tires. Whether you drive your vehicle off-road, pull a trailer, or just jam around town, tires are your all-important contact patch to the ground. There are many types of tires available to the diesel enthusiast, so let’s start by decoding the sidewall. After that, we’ll discuss load and speed ratings, as well as tread patterns and sizes. Finally, we’ll talk about usage and taking proper care of your tires.



If you look on the sidewall of the tire, you’ll see a series of numbers, like LT285/75R16 or 37×13.50R20 LT-this is the tire size. In either case, LT stands for light-truck tire. In the first example, 285 stands for the tire’s width in millimeters, 75 means the sidewall of the tire is 75 percent the size of its width, R stands for radial, and 16 is the rim diameter in inches. In the second example, the tire is simply 37 inches tall, 13.50 inches wide, is a radial, and mounts on a 20-inch wheel.

If you don’t like the metric version, it can easily be converted to the standard form of measurement. If we first divide 285 by 10, we change millimeters to centimeters, arriving at 28.5 centimeters. Since 1 centimeter equals 0.393 inch, we next multiply 28.5 by 0.393, arriving at the tire’s width of 11.2 inches. Next comes the tricky part. The sidewall is 75 percent of the width in this case, so 11.2 times 0.75 equals 8.4 inches. Since a tire sitting on the ground has a bottom and a top sidewall, we must multiply that answer by 2, arriving at 16.8 inches. Finally, we add the height of the rim (in this case 16 inches) to arrive at the final 32.8-inch tire height.


Light-truck tires are a bit different than regular passenger car tires. The overall tire is much stiffer and heavier than a car tire, thanks to multiple plies (cross sections of polyester, steel, nylon, or armid that run perpendicular to the tread) and can be inflated and run at a much higher pressure, increasing its load capacity and decreasing on-road rolling resistance. Since most diesel owners use their trucks to tow or haul loads, we’d never suggest putting a passenger car tire on a truck-they’re simply not up to the task.

ST (Special Trailer) vs P (Passenger Car) Tires

Passenger car tires achieve comfort in part by making the sidewalls of the tires softer, allowing the sidewalls to flex. Many trailers (especially enclosed cargo trailers and car haulers) have higher centers of gravity than the typical tow vehicle and sidewall flexing in this case can lead to increased trailer sway. The stiffer sidewalls and higher inflation pressures on ST (Special Trailer) tires helps to reduce trailer sway.

The polyester cords in an ST tire are bigger than they would be for a comparable “P” or “LT” tire. The steel cords in an ST tire have a larger diameter and greater tensile strength to meet the additional load requirements. “ST” tire rubber compounds contain more chemicals to dissipate heat under higher loads than tires designed for passenger cars. Trailers will pull better and ride smoother on ST tires engineered and manufactured for trailers.

Trailer Tire Safety Tips

Do not overload the trailer beyond its maximum weight. Extra weight means extra heat, extra wear and could lead to tire failure.

Maintain correct air pressure. Underinflated tires may fail under load. Underinflated tires wear out the tread near the sidewalls prematurely while overinflated tires wear out the center of the tread prematurely. Remember, temperature impacts air pressure. For each 10 degrees in ambient temperature, tire pressure increases by 2-5%. Check tire pressure when the weather changes and when travelling to warmer or cooler climates.

LT tires vs ST tires

Let me share with you some of the key factors to be considered for comparing ST vs LT tires and some insights on what these tires can be used for.

Driving Requirement

Vehicles and trailers, both have very different driving requirements. A passenger vehicle will need to maintain traction while accelerating, braking, and cornering which makes an LT tire suitable for passenger vehicles. Whereas, a trailer needs to focus on following the tow vehicle and just hold up to the weight that is put on the trailer, which can be best achieved with ST tires


LT tires have softer sidewalls and are meant to flex when rolling over bumps. ST tires have thicker sidewalls compared to the LT tires and are not meant to flex when rolling over bumps. This bump is then transmitted to the vehicle suspension and also to the load riding on the vehicle.

Steel wires

The steel wires used in LT tires are smaller when compared to those in ST tires. The cords used for steel wires in an LT tire are smaller and have less tensile strength as compared to the cords with a bigger diameter in ST tires. ST tires have steel wires with high tensile strength as they are designed for carrying heavier loads.

A Practical Guide To Small Bathroom Remodeling

Remodeling Your Bathroom: Inspiration and Planning

There are plenty of reasons to renovate your home’s bathroom, whether you’re creating a new master bathroom with his and her sinks or crafting a beautiful guest bathroom for your family and friends to use. Maybe you’ve been saving up for a while to make your bathroom dreams come true, or perhaps you’ve encountered a drainage problem that makes your bathroom redesign a necessity.

Regardless of your motivations, when you’re finally ready to renovate that bathroom you’ll need to be prepared for the ins and outs of bathroom remodel planning. This home improvement project can be quite the undertaking, but with a little bit of project planning, you can get the most out of your bathroom budget.

Before demolition begins, check out our guide below. We’ll cover project planning, inspiration techniques, project ideas, and tips for surviving the renovation process. Keep these tips in mind as you plan your renovation and learn how to redesign a bathroom to suit your needs.

Project Planning for Your Bathroom Renovation

Consider Your Motivations

Before you start looking at materials and getting bids from contractors, take a step back and consider your motivations for your new and improved bathroom. If you can pinpoint your reasons for remodeling, you’re more likely to get a room that captures your vision. Just like if you’re packing for a trip, knowing what you’re doing on that trip helps determine what is important to pack.

Modern updates: Does your bathroom look like a well-preserved relic of the 1980s? It may be time to add some modern touches. From new cabinetry, flooring, counters, to a fresh coat of paint, there are plenty of ways to bring your bathroom up-to-date.

Accessibility: If you have an aging relative living in the home, you may need to make changes in the bathroom to better accommodate them. This could mean adding rails next to the toilet or a walk-in bathtub.

Fixing a plumbing problem: Some plumbing problems are minimal, and can be taken care of quickly with some minor work. However, if there are issues that require you to demolish walls or rip up the floor, it might be the right time do some remodeling.

Water efficiency: There are endless ways to save water in the bathroom, from low-flow toilets to greywater system installations. Reduce water use (and potentially your water bill) with the right bathroom improvements.

Energy savings: Conserving water is wonderful, but the utility savings don’t have to stop there. Improve the energy efficiency of your bathroom with new light bulbs and energy-efficient ventilation features, and you may save on your electricity bill.

Adding a bathroom: Maybe your single bathroom just isn’t cutting it anymore. Adding another bathroom is a big undertaking that comes in a variety of forms: perhaps you want to create a new master bathroom suite, or turn a closet downstairs into a half-bath for guests. If your bathroom location is far from the plumbing connections, this can be an expensive project, so be sure to budget accordingly.

Functionality: Create a bathroom that works well for your family. Perhaps it’s a tub for your children’s baths, or added storage if you frequently entertain guests. Regardless, consider your wants and needs and what would help make your family’s lives easier.


Is your bathroom seriously dated? Is the layout awkward and unnatural? If so, it may be time to invest in a bathroom renovation. Whether you’re just moving into your home or preparing to put it on the market, there can be a significant upside to remodeling or renovating your bathroom.

set a realistic bathroom renovation budget

Build, average bathroom renovation cost for a small bathroom or powder room/half bath tends to be between $7,000 to $8,000, and the average bathroom renovation cost for a full bathroom is usually $18,000 to $25,000. Master bathroom renovations are typically $40,000 and up.

know your bathroom renovation project scope & timeline

The big question on everyone’s mind is “how long does it take to renovate a bathroom?” It’s important to take into consideration that the scope of your bathroom renovation project will determine your timeline. There’s more than meets the eye when planning a bathroom renovation. A simple bathroom design refresh is more cosmetic in nature and will take less time, while a full bathroom renovation or remodel can take several weeks.

Small bathroom design refresh: Approximately 30 days

Replace vanity or faucet

Update shower plumbing

Replace vanity wall sconces and light fixtures

Wallpaper, paint, or add new decorative finishes

Add extra, decorative storage

Full bathroom renovation or remodel: 6-12 weeks (sometimes longer depending on customization). A full bathroom renovation could require mechanical, plumbing, and cosmetic work.

Possibly move plumbing, electrical, etc.

Enlarge the space and/or move walls

Replace bathroom floor tile (field and decorative)

Upgrade tub or shower

Add heated floors or specialized shower features

Incorporate seamless glass and other luxury features

A Simple Guide to the Different Types of Bathroom Remodels

Types of bathroom remodels

Homeowners remodel bathrooms for a plethora of reasons. Our customers have told us they want to do cosmetic updates because the home is 20 years old.  Some say they don’t need a tub and want a larger shower. Others have expressed the need to add a bathroom because their families have gotten larger.  Whatever your reason to renovate your bathroom, one thing is for sure, bathroom remodels have one of the highest rates of return on any home renovation.

Cosmetic Bathroom Remodels

Simple bathroom remodels that are updated for cosmetic reasons can make a huge difference in the space. A simple bathroom remodel may include updating counter-tops, vanities, and sinks. Many times in a bathroom upgrade homeowners will re-tile the walls, re-paint the walls, and change the flooring. Most homeowners will take the opportunity to upgrade their faucets and fixtures when remodeling their bathroom. Simple bathroom remodels do not include floor plan changes.

Remodeling Bathroom Sinks

Some customers elect to add a sink for their spouse or change a shower into a tub for a young child. Many times homeowners will re-arrange the footprint of the space to add a vanity, change the toilet location, or add a closet.

Floor Plan Changes

homeowners are requesting floor plan changes in their bathrooms. They have found that the large roman tub in the master bathroom is not being used frequently. So, they change the tub into a shower.

Bathroom Addition

Another type of bathroom remodel is the addition of a bathroom. Many times homeowners add a new bathroom because their family has expanded and they need to reduce the stress of one bathroom in the house


The bathroom could be the most-often overhauled room in the house. Done right, it’s a model of simplicity and small-space efficiency. But we know that it’s easy to get overwhelmed by choices.

Your bathroom should work for every member of the family—and for guests as well. Of course, you want durable and easily cleaned surfaces. But, just as in any room of your home, you also want beauty and comfort.

Our mission is to help you navigate the choices; we’ve searched far and wide for the best-in-class fixtures and fittings, from stylish towel bars to luxurious soaking tubs to up-to-the minute toilets.

For inspiration, we present our favorite projects, from budget DIYS to lavish spa baths. You’ll find design ideas and bathroom accessories in a range of styles, from modern to rustic to minimalist. As one of our readers put it, “I love when pragmatic choices beget stunning aesthetics.” We couldn’t have said it better ourselves.

Improvements to Consider for Your Next Bathroom Remodel

A renovated bathroom adds value to your home, updates its style, and makes it better adapted to your current needs. Renovations are the best time to introduce improvements that will serve you and your family for years to come.

If you’re spending money for a bathroom remodel this year, consider making one or several of these essential changes to improve the functionality, storage, and comfort of your bathroom.

Toilets with hidden tanks—in which the water storage vessel is mounted inside the wall—have several benefits. They are worth considering if you are remodeling a bathroom, especially a smaller bathroom, where the design can save space.

Hidden-tank toilets (sometimes called hidden cistern toilets) save you precious space, and low-flow models help save water every time you flush. It’s a smart choice that increases the value of your home after the remodel. These are appropriate for all bathrooms styles, but they fit especially well in modern and contemporary decors. But be aware that routine maintenance can be difficult since there is usually no easy access to the tank if the inner workings need attention.

Another style of tankless toilet uses a pressure valve, such as those often found in commercial settings or public bathrooms. These are also options, although such toilets are noisy and tend to give a bathroom a somewhat industrial feel.

Simple Steps To Protect Your Home From Bursting Or Broken Pipes In Cold Weather

Plumbing Cost Estimator

The cost of a plumber ranges from $175 to $450 for a typical job with the average cost per hour ranging from $45 to $200. This can include jobs like repairing faucets, toilets, sinks or bathtubs. Depending on the job, some plumbers charge a flat rate, or service fee of $300 on average.

Plumbing Repair Cost Guide

Hiring a plumber costs an average between $175 and $450. Most jobs are billed hourly at $45 to $200 per hour. Labor is almost always going to be your biggest expense. The more involved the job, and the more that must be torn up, the costlier the project.

Slab Leak Repair Costs

Detecting a leak under your slab foundation costs anywhere from $125 to $400 and requires special equipment. Fixing an under slab leak averages $500 to $4,000. The total cost can run much higher based on project variables, including but not limited to:

The thickness of the slab

The depth of the leaking pipe

The type of flooring that must be removed and replaced

Rebar and/or vapor barrier removal

Slab leaks are leaks in pipes under the slab of the home. Fixing one requires flooring removal for access to the slab, jackhammering out portions of the foundation, digging down to the pipe, repairing or replacing it, and replacing the floor. Get a direct quote from a professional plumber.

Cost to Fix Leaking or Burst Pipes

Leaking pipes cost an average of $150 to $350 to repair, while diagnosing leak locations can add an additional $100. This doesn’t include repairing the wall after the fix. Drywall repair costs an additional $250 to $750 depending on the size and location of the hole.

Tips for Avoiding Broken Pipes This Spring

Rainy Weather Might Lead to Broken Pipes

Heavy spring rains can wreak havoc on your plumbing. Not only can all the water in the ground cause cracks in your water pipes, but too much rain can also cause your drainage system to back up. This is particularly common in places where the soil isn’t used to heavy rainfall— like the desert.

The soil in the desert isn’t very effective at absorbing large amounts of water, which has to go somewhere. The last place you want it going is into your plumbing system to cause expensive damage. Luckily, this article will tell you what to look out for and how you can prevent the spring rains from damaging your plumbing.

Pressure on Your Pipes

Many people don’t think that heavy rains can lead to damaged underground pipes, but it’s true. When the soil around your home absorbs lots of rain, like during spring showers, it can become heavy. If your pipes are old, worn, or poorly installed, the heavy soil can cause them to crack or break. If a break occurs, you could have a leak around your foundation that can cause serious structural damage to your home.

How to Avoid Broken Pipes

The best thing you can do to avoid a burst or broken pipe is to have your plumbing system assessed. Because it’s not easy to determine if your underground pipes are in danger of breaking, having a professional plumber take a look is often the only way to be sure. If you notice any changes in your water pressure, it’s best to shut off the water to your house until you or a plumber can figure out what the issue is.

It’s also a good idea to keep an eye out for:

An abnormally high water bill.

Sounds of flowing water when it is not in use.

Standing water around your home’s foundation.

Cracks in your foundation.

Water Leak Detection For Broken Pipes

I never thought about needing a water leak detection service, until I noticed my water bill had skyrocketed out of control! I checked everywhere, both inside and outside my home for a water leak, I couldn’t find anything.  I even called the utility company, they came back out to my home and check the water meter again, they said the meter was correct and the pipes on their side were working fine. Which means I must have a leak somewhere on my property.

They responded right away and inspected my home and yard for any water leaks. The technicians informed me water leaks account for 6 billion gallons of water wasted every day!

The technician was quickly able to locate a leak under my concrete slab without having to dig up my new flooring. He was also able to fix it in a very timely manner, leaving my home just as he found it and it didn’t break the bank.

specializes in detecting slab leaks in homes and businesses. Finding the source of damp or wet areas on your walls, ceilings, and other areas. By using advanced thermal imaging equipment and other electronic equipment they can help zero in on the source of the water intrusion, even if it is three floors away from the water stain.

Remember, “Today’s little leaks create tomorrow’s big emergencies”. I encourage you to look around your home and business for any signs of a water leak.


When a plumbing problem pops up, there’s no need to panic — you might not even need a plumber. There are a number of plumbing fixes any D.I.Y-er can accomplish with basic tools and a little know-how. Whether it’s a clogged drain, broken pipe, a leaking toilet or faucet, your local True Value Hardware store has you covered.

Preparedness is the name of the game. Water damage from broken pipes or leaking appliances can ruin entire rooms of furniture, walls and flooring and more. Routinely check your washing machine hoses and replace them if they appear old or cracked. Look for any signs of water under sinks, around fixtures and near appliances. Check ceilings and walls for any evidence of a roof leak. Make sure that all appliance connections are tight and not leaking

Keep items in your basement off of the floor where possible. If a pipe bursts and floods your basement, the damage will be minimized and you won’t lose any belongings.

Make sure you know how to turn off water to your fixtures and appliances when needed. Also, note the location of your home’s main water shutoff valve. It may come in handy if you’re unable to turn off water directly to an appliance or fixture, as shutting off the water main cuts off water to the entire building.

Stock up on basic plumbing tools ahead of time before you have a plumbing emergency. Here’s a list of items you should definitely have in your toolbox for plumbing repairs:

Pipe wrench

Adjustable (crescent) wrench

Basin wrench

Channel-lock pliers

Auger (“snake”)


Screwdriver set

Nut driver or socket wrench


Drain-cleaning tool

Plumbing Apprentice Resume Examples

Plumbing Apprentices provide assistance to full-fledged Plumbers while improving their skills. Common duties listed on a Plumbing Apprentice resume include cutting and assembling pipes, cleaning water supply and disposal systems, handing in tools, cleaning job sites, and answering to customer inquiries. Based on our most successful resume samples, these less-experienced workers should demonstrate the ability to follow guidelines, dexterity, customer service orientation, communication, and stamina. Most Plumbing Apprentices hold a high school or general education diploma.

Plumbing Apprentice

Trained hands-on under the care of a Licensed Plumber in commercial and residential settings.

Performed commercial and residential remodeling in offices, bathrooms, kitchens and basements.

Installed pipe assemblies, fittings, valves, appliances such as dishwashers, water heaters, stoves, sinks, tubs and toilets using power tools

Measured, cute, threaded and bent pipe to required angels using tools such as pipe-threading machines and pipe cutters.

Repaired and maintained commercial and residential plumbing by replacing or mending broken pipes and water leaks

Studied building plans and inspected them to assess material and equipment needs

Hung steel supports from ceiling joists

Plumbing Apprentice

Work alongside Licensed Plumber / Supervisor daily to complete projects/work orders quickly and efficiently.

Diagnosing problems and/or failures in plumbing systems (residential and commercial).

Installation/maintenance/repairs of various water and gas systems, pipes and fittings, and various s items. systems and/or components (e.g. toilets, sinks, vents, faucets, sewer lines, vacuum breakers, hot water heaters, water softeners, garbage disposals, etc.).

Testing for leaks in new and repaired systems with compressed air and/or water for the purpose of ensuring that items are functional and in safe working condition.

Operating equipment used in the maintenance and repair of water and gas plumbing fixtures and systems.

Working in various environmental conditions and elements (e.g. various temperatures, confined spaces, heights vary from ladder height to roof top, and sub terrain conditions.)

Plumbing Apprentice

Assisted Master Plumbers with construction, soldering, and brazing pipes

Transported tools, equipment, and supplies to job sites as needed

Monitored and maintained plumbing tools for safe operating conditions

Assembled and installed ceiling pipe brackets, while ensuring proper equipment and personnel safety

Licensed Plumbing Apprentice

Assisted in the code compliant assembly, installation and repair of plumbing, water flow and drainage systems.

Dug trenches for new pipelines; maintained and repaired all plumbing equipment such as drains and pipes.

Installed new hardware for faucets, showers and toilets in residential homes, commercial and industrial facilities.

Installed new plumbing equipment and systems for renovation and remodeling projects.

Repairs mechanical equipment when necessary.

The Best Option For Tile Roof Maintenance

How do you make roof tiles look new?

It is possible to give your tiled roof a facelift just by cleaning it. We’ll teach you how to prepare your roof tiles and show you the safest way to do the cleaning yourself. You will also learn the best way to walk on roof tiles.

Step 1. Prepare to start cleaning roof tiles

There are three pieces of advice worth knowing before you start cleaning roof tiles. Firstly, try and always walk where the tiles overlap as it’s the strongest part of the roof. Secondly, the surface of the roof gets slippery while you are cleaning, so install a safety rail and wear sturdy, non-slip shoes. Finally, you will save a lot of time if you have someone stay on the ground to pass things up to you.

Step 2. Use anti-moss spray on roof tiles

Before you start this step, disconnect any water tanks from the gutters so no chemicals get in to your water storage. Now apply the anti-moss spray across all the tiles on your roof. When you are spraying on a roof, always start on one side and walk backwards away from where you have sprayed. That way you always walk onto a dry tile.

Step 3. Clean the roof tiles with a high pressure water spray

Give the anti-moss spray time to do its job, and then use the high pressure cleaner to wash the tiles down. This will remove all the moss and lichen as well as any built up dirt. As you did in the previous step, walk backwards when you are spraying, away from the wet tiles and onto the dry ones.

By coating with paint, the tiles look like new again

High-quality clay roof tiles are very robust and therefore offer you an extremely long life. In general, they are still completely intact even after 60 years. However, old roof tiles tend to moss and dirt, so the overall impression of your roof is reduced. The color also fades over time due to the action of the sun. However, that is no reason to have the roof completely re-stocked immediately. The replacement of tiles costs a lot of money. Instead, you should consider repainting the tiles and then sealing them. This results in two advantages: On the one hand, your roof looks like new again, and on the other hand, the seal extends the service life of your roof tile.

Important precautions

After you have completely covered your roof, you will receive a corresponding one Warranty period, which can be up to 30 years. However, this warranty will be forfeited if you treat your roof tiles incorrectly. Often, the use of a high-pressure cleaner is enough to void the warranty. Without a thorough cleaning with the high-pressure cleaner, a painting of the roof is not possible. You may therefore need to wait until after the warranty period before painting your tile. In addition, unfortunately, not all roofs can be repainted. With asbestos-containing roof coverings, for example, cleaning is generally prohibited because it would disperse the asbestos dust in the air. Even some clay tiles give off after years still substances that may not come into contact with the roof color. As a rule, all roof tiles and concrete tiles can be painted well.

Step-by-step instructions

So that everything runs smoothly when you paint your roof tiles, we have one below Step-by-step guide for you

Step 1: Setting up the scaffolding

To do the work on the roof, you first need a scaffolding. Install it at the house in accordance with current safety regulations or have this work done by a specialist garage.

Your own safety is always the top priority when renovating the roof. For this reason, always consider the intrinsic safety device during all work on the roof.

A possible alternative to the scaffold is the lifting platform.

Step 2: Cleaning the roof

Before every painting, it is necessary to clean the roofs. It is done with a high-pressure cleaner and a lot of water. For safety reasons, install a gutter grille before collecting the roof, so that no dirt accumulates in the downpipe. Equip your pressure washer with a suitable attachment, such as a dirt bur. It helps you to remove stubborn dirt and moss from your roof tiles. It is important that you always adjust the pressure of the high-pressure cleaner to the surface of your bricks during roof cleaning. Bricks made of plastic and slate work with less pressure, while clay and concrete can withstand higher pressures. After removing the tiles from dirt and moss, remove the gutter grille and finally clean the gutter. Then the roof needs to dry well.

Step 3: Paint the primer and paint on the tiles

After the roof has dried, prime the roof tiles. Which primer is suitable depends on the condition and color of your roof surface. For smooth, shiny roof tiles choose a bonding agent, which is also known as primer. Even red clay tiles must necessarily be primed, because paints otherwise do not adhere due to the special chemical composition. Concrete bricks have a high suction power, which makes them very good at color. However, the absorbency is not the same everywhere, so the paint can become stained. Here the primer is required to produce a uniform suction power, so that the paint looks even.

To paint the roof, you finally use a special roof color and apply it with the paint roller. Façade paints are not suitable because they can not withstand the high loads your roof is exposed to. If necessary, you can also mix several colors to create an individual color. Make sure that you mix only roof colors from the same manufacturer. Opt for high quality colors from retailers, so that the durability is correspondingly high. Cheap paints often fade faster.

Step 4: Apply Sealer

After the roof paint has dried, apply a seal to keep the roof tiles as new as possible for as long as possible. Commercially available nano-sealants are suitable for this purpose. They are applied with a paint gun in two layers for the best possible result.

Consider Your Safety

Before you begin giving your roof tiles a spring clean, you must ensure that safety has been strongly considered. A failure to do so could lead to you damaging your roof and injuring yourself. Here are some tips on safety equipment and personal protective equipment to use to avoid these potential dangers.

  • Fit a temporary safety rail
  • Wear sturdy, non-slip safety boots
  • Wear chemical protection gloves
  • Wear wraparound safety glasses

Whilst the above safety equipment is essential whatever the size and pitch of your roof, you may also require a safety line and harness. These are vital on high pitched roofs where a build-up of moss or algae can make the tiles incredibly slippery. As well as wearing adequate footwear, when working on a tiled roof make sure only to step where tiles overlap, as this is where the tiles are sturdiest.

It is also strongly recommended that you work alongside a friend who can pass materials and equipment up onto the roof. Without someone else to work with, you will have to repeatedly climb on and off the roof. This is when most injuries and accidents occur.

How to Make Your Old Shingles Look New

Streaking, What Causes It?

The most common cause of streaking is the presence of an algae that feeds off the components in the shingles.  Other causes may include: an excessive buildup of dirt or debris, mold, or mildew.

The Effects of Streaking

Besides making an unsightly appearance, the good news is that most algae-caused discoloration has a minor impact on the healthiness of your roof in the short term. (In the long term, your roof may suffer from premature aging.)

Although your roof may not be immediately at risk of deterioration, roof stains do cause harm in a more general sense: the aesthetic appearance of your home or garage.

The presence of stains can cause a 5-year-old roof to appear 20 years old or more.  If your home is on the market, this can spell danger to a prospective bidder and prevent your asking price from being met.

How To Eliminate Streaks

Algae growth on your roof can be removed by washing the shingles with a special chemical formula specially designed to use on asphalt shingles.  There are many brands to choose from, though your local roofing contractor can help you pick out one with the right mixture.  Although many homeowners have used bleach in the past to attempt a DIY cleaning on their roof, any residue can cause harm to the shingles.  Likewise, power washing should not be attempted, as it will damage the shingles.

A better option is to contact your local roofing contractor to inspect and clean your roofing system.  Look for a contractor with extensive training and experience in roofing systems to maximize the benefits of a roof cleaning.

Tips And Tricks Of Commercial Painting Contractors

Art Commissions: General Rules to Sell Your Art

Have you ever wondered what it would be like to sell your art and earn money? Have you already taken some commissioned work, but aren’t sure how it should really be done? I am asked repeatedly about how to sell art for a living.

Many of my students make extra money by creating custom artwork for people. It can be a fun and challenging experience, but it does have its issues. Before you dive in and try to sell your art, you should consider a few things first.

What should you charge when you sell your art?

This is the most common question I hear. Unfortunately, I cannot tell people what to charge. I cannot tell someone else what their time and talent is worth. What I DO tell them is this: Do not undersell yourself.

When you place a price on your work, your client will value it according to how much they pay for it. There is a very wide range of prices to consider. I go to the extremes. I either give it as a gift from the heart, which is priceless, or I place a high dollar price tag on it.

Both of these approaches make the recipient appreciative of the art, and it will be treasured. The gift becomes sentimental and the high priced piece becomes an investment. Both may become an heirloom due to the value I assigned it.

The Advantages of Commercial Painting

One of the best feelings in the world is walking into a building and everything is not only organized but also clean so you can work in comfort and have a clear mind. However, like with most places it will eventually become dirty, scratches and other damages will begin appearing on the walls and the work place will become cluttered and not that organized anymore and generally the entire room will need a refresher.

There are actually a wide range of different types of studies and research done that shows that the work ability of employees is greatly impacted by the surroundings. Believe it or not but things like the color of the walls has a huge effect on the overall productivity of the employees because it can affect a wide range of different types of things like concentration. It is also a safer issue as well because in a work space that is brighter far fewer accidents will occur and you will not need to spend a fortune in lighting because of the brighter paint as well

However, there are still a wide range of different kinds of benefits that you will be able to enjoy as well from simply changing up the paint in the work place. Because investors, suppliers, and also customers will notice your company if your work place is professional and clean and this is always good for business. Because the better looking and the more professional your business and work place looks the better you will do because people respond well to areas that look clean and organized. Also, if you want to sell the building then one of the best things that you will be able to do in order to sell it quickly is by simply changing up the paint because a fresh coat of paint can really make the entire area look a lot better.

So if you want to get your building repainted it is important that you are able to still run the business while also being able to do the painting because the last thing that you want to do is close down until the building is finished painting, so once you got that figured out then you will be able to enjoy a wide range of different kinds of benefits and that is the basics on commercial painting and all of the advantages that it has

Professional Painter: Job Description, Duties and Responsibilities

With on-the-job training it is possible to begin a career as a professional painter. It is also an option to pursue postsecondary training at a technical school before entering this career field. Painters need to understand the optimal temperatures and conditions for applying different types of paint or varnish to surfaces.

Essential Information

Professional painters prepare and paint interior and exterior surfaces. They may work on residential or commercial properties. Job duties for professional painters include removing old paint, priming surfaces, choosing materials, selecting and mixing colors and cleaning up job sites. These individuals may also be responsible for managing employees, handling finances and ensuring customer satisfaction. Painters generally learn their trade on the job or through an apprenticeship

Job Description

Professional painters work for construction companies, contractors or building management companies and may paint houses, business structures or bridges. They must have a high school diploma or GED certificate and can benefit from an on-the-job apprenticeship or technical school training.

Job Duties

Professional painters begin by preparing surfaces for painting. This may require removing old paint, filling holes and washing walls. Sandpaper, wire brushes, scrapers and abrasive blasting may be used to prepare a surface. Holes and divots are filled with putty, plaster or caulk. Professional painters must also ensure that surfaces are not susceptible to moisture by sealing cracks and corners where building materials meet.


In addition to painting, independent contractors have business responsibilities that they must manage. Professional painters must market themselves to generate business and manage finances. They must quote job rates for customers and handle billing and invoicing.


Paint is a term used to describe a number of substances that consist of a pigment suspended in a liquid or paste vehicle such as oil or water. With a brush, a roller, or a spray gun, paint is applied in a thin coat to various surfaces such as wood, metal, or stone. Although its primary purpose is to protect the surface to which it is applied, paint also provides decoration.

Samples of the first known paintings, made between 20,000 and 25,000 years ago, survive in caves. Primitive paintings tended to depict humans and animals, and diagrams have also been found. Early artists relied on easily available natural substances to make paint, such as natural earth pigments, charcoal, berry juice, lard, blood, and milkweed sap. Later, the ancient used more sophisticated materials to produce paints for limited decoration, such as painting walls. Oils were used as varnishes, and pigments such as yellow and red ochres, chalk, arsenic sulfide yellow, and malachite green were mixed with binders such as gum arabic, lime, egg albumen, and beeswax.

Paint was first used as a protective coating, who applied pitches and balsams to the exposed wood of their ships. During the Middle Ages, some inland wood also received protective coatings of paint, but due to the scarcity of paint, this practice was generally limited to store fronts and signs. Around the same time, artists began to boil resin with oil to obtain highly miscible (mixable) paints, and artists of the fifteenth century were the first to add drying oils to paint, thereby hastening evaporation. They also adopted a new solvent, linseed oil, which remained the most commonly used solvent until synthetics replaced it during the twentieth century.

The twentieth century has seen the most changes in paint composition and manufacture. Today, synthetic pigments and stabilizers are commonly used to mass produce uniform batches of paint. New synthetic vehicles developed from polymers such as polyurethane and styrene-butadene emerged during the 1940s. Alkyd resins were synthesized, and they have dominated production since. Before 1930, pigment was ground with stone mills, and these were later replaced by steel balls. Today, sand mills and high-speed dispersion mixers are used to grind easily dispersible pigments.

Raw Materials

A paint is composed of pigments, solvents, resins, and various additives. The pigments give the paint color; solvents make it easier to apply; resins help it dry; and additives serve as everything from fillers to antifungicidal agents. Hundreds of different pigments, both natural and synthetic, exist. The basic white pigment is titanium dioxide, selected for its excellent concealing properties, and black pigment is commonly made from carbon black. Other pigments used to make paint include iron oxide and cadmium sulfide for reds, metallic salts for yellows and oranges, and iron blue and chrome yellows for blues and greens.

Make A Small Bathroom Look Larger With Paint

You may have heard that you should only use light paint in small rooms because dark paints make the room feel smaller. While this may be true if you paint all of the walls in a dark color, think of it in terms of an artistic painting. If an entire painting is done only in either light or dark colors, it can feel flat. Shadows and lighting must be used properly to give the painting depth and space. The same can be said for your small bathroom. Here’s how you can use the same strategy to make your bathroom feel larger.

Choose A Color Scheme

Start by choosing a color you like and then choose a color that is at least two shades lighter. Then, choose a color that is at least two shades darker. You can make these the same color as the original, just in different shades, or you can choose two complimentary colors for a little variety.

Dark For Dimension, Middle For Majority, Light Touches of Light

The above is a general rule of thumb for your painting project. Many small bathrooms have a shower/tub combination. The tile around this area is usually light and shiny, reflecting a lot of light. Typically you’ll have an area above the tile that can be painted in the darker color you chose to create some extra depth. The middle shade you chose will be used for the majority of the room. This color will work as the main background for the other two shades to compliment. Most of the wall surface area and possibly any cabinets can be painted with the middle shade. Dark colors used to be used primarily for trim work and molding, but lighter colors provide a more modern feel. Use the lightest color you chose to paint the trim and molding, which will reflect light and attract attention while darker shades provide depth. Keep in mind that you don’t have to stick with white or cream, there are many options

Finishing Touches

Now that you’ve painted, keep an eye out for small decorations that match your three paint shades. These finishing touches will really tie the room together and make it feel organized and clean.

Light is a tricky thing. Pay attention to how it plays off objects in nature and how shadows create dimension. This will inspire and inform you about how you can use the same color strategies in your bathroom.

Marble Tile Flooring For Small Homes

Is it a good idea to tile the whole house?

The virtues of ceramic tile for bathrooms and kitchens are well known, but many of those advantages also make it a good choice for living rooms. Ceramic tile is durable and easy to maintain. It can handle even the highest traffic locations without showing much wear. Spills, chips, and other accidents aren’t an issue provided the floor was installed correctly. And the design advantages are undeniable: Modern printing techniques give you a wealth of aesthetic options for creating a floor that is truly unique to your living area. For example, there are now porcelain mosaics that look so much like exotic hardwood planks that you will have trouble telling the difference.


The costs of a ceramic tile floor are comprised of two elements. These include the price of the materials themselves and the cost of installation labor.

When purchased at big-box stores or tile specialty outlets, ceramic tile can range from less than $1 per square foot for plain solid-color tiles to just under $20 per square foot for porcelain tiles that mimic the look of fine marbles or woods. At the high end, prices rival that of natural stone tiles, but very elegant and serviceable tiles are available in the $3 to $7 per square foot range.

Installation costs can vary widely, too, depending on the size of the job, geographic location, and even where your building is located. Even when installation services are purchased from a national retailer, labor costs in some regions of the country may be much higher than those in another region. However, a 2020 national survey placed the costs for standard ceramic tile installation at about $5 per square foot. Installation of porcelain or mosaic tiles will be somewhat higher than this due to more complicated installation requirements, but it’s rare that you will need to pay more than $8 per square foot for installation. Larger jobs actually tend to be cheaper on a cost-per-square-footage basis. There may be a minimum charge of $300 or so for small installations

Ceramic Tile Options

There are several options to consider when you are purchasing ceramic tile:

  • Size: Ceramic tiles are generally sold in squares of 12″ x 12″, 6″ x 6″, 18″ x 18″, and 24″x 24,” but a growing trend, especially for porcelain tiles, is for the pieces to be formed in rectangular planks form designed to resemble hardwood. ​Sizing tip: In larger living rooms, use larger tiles that are proportional to space. In smaller spaces, smaller tiles will provide visual interest, making them seem more spacious.
  • Patterns: Because they can be printed with almost any color or image, ceramic tiles allow you to create very intricate patterns. Vibrant, contrasting colors can be used, mixed with different shapes and designs to build a floor that will perfectly express your tastes.
  • Solid vs. mosaics: Mosaics in their modern form are ceramic tiles assembled into mesh-backed sheets of very small 1″ x 1″ or 2″ x 2″ tiles. Originally, styling with mosaic tile was a highly prized means of architectural expression, and this modern form of ancient art can bring a truly unique and vivid sense of style to your space.
  • Borders: Contrasting tiles can be cut to size and then used as borders to accent the outer boundaries of a living room. Many ceramic tiles are offered in “families” that include various complementary border tiles and cove perimeter tiles.
  • Accent tiles: These are unique pieces that are placed as accents or emblems within an otherwise normal ceramic flooring installation. They may contain a unique picture or have a vibrantly contrasting color adorning their surface. The purpose is to draw the eye, creating a sense of decorative beauty within the pattern of the flooring.

The Benefits of Tiles For Your Entire Home

Cost and Convenience

Tiles certainly have many advantages. First of all, they’re cheap and very easy to put into place. This means that the initial cost of renovating will be low. Better yet, is that you’ll also be able to replace tiles individually should one get damaged. If you have wallpaper in a room and that gets scratched, then you’ll have to do at least a whole new drop, whereas something like marble will be expensive to replace. With a ceramic tile however, you can quickly and easily cement the new one on to replace a damaged one – make sure when you buy the tiles that you buy lots of spares for this reason as if they’ve ceased production of your tiles you’ll be stuck with a big square gap in your pattern.


Another advantage of ceramic tiles is that they’re easy to clean. As the surface is flat and shiny there’s no way that mess can get caught in nooks and crannies or get soaked up into the tiles (which also means they will be less likely to mould than say paint or carpet). In a kitchen or a bathroom a lot of liquids are used and regularly spilled which on a carpet or wallpaper would cause serious damage – fortunately with ceramic tiles it can simply and easily be wiped off with a jay cloth meaning the room will generally appear much cleaner than it would with other kinds of flooring.

This makes tiling a great choice for many other parts of your home – your utility room for example is an area that can be prone to damage, so it will also benefit from the resilience of having tiles. Likewise, tiles can work great in living rooms if you constantly have people coming in and out. This is also true for conservatories and porch areas, and is doubly true if you have dogs and cats that bring in all kinds of much. Being able to simply wipe those marks clean is a godsend. And similarly useful, is the fact that any moisture collecting around a window will be less likely to cause permanent water damage and mold.


Another great thing about tiles is that they’re so popular, and this means that there are a massive wealth of different styles and patterns available. You can go with simple plain white for a very contemporary minimalist look, gaggles of swans dotted around if you have young children using the bathroom, a different pattern or even paint your own designs onto the ceramic (which is easy enough to do). Mosaic tiles are particularly attractive in modern decors, as are ceramic and porcelain tiles that are designed to look like granite or limestone. Dark colors, with contrasting patterns made from mirror tiles and other details can be extremely striking in any room.

Even when tiles don’t take up an entire floor or an entire wall, they can still be used in more subtle ways to add to your décor. More basically you can just create borders and skirting boards, or can outline your utilities. This can create a consistent pattern throughout your home, resulting in a more cohesive décor.

You don’t even need to have the same pattern on every tile – but can instead have mostly white with random images dotted around the room. Again this is something you could only achieve with tiles.

Note that ceramic tiles typically have more patterns and colors available as compared with porcelain – keep this in mind when making your choice.

Pros of Tile Flooring


Another benefit of tile flooring is that it is resistant to water. There is a protective layer on top of the material, so it’s stain- and water-resistant. Again, this is important in bathrooms and kitchens, as the ceramic tile will last much longer than other types of material. It also resists temperatures with high humidity, so you don’t have to worry about it being ruined during the hot and muggy summer months. Any environment that is moist will benefit from having ceramic tiles.

If you buy unglazed tile, you will need to seal it to protect the surface from any liquids it might encounter. In particular, the grout lines between the tiles can be susceptible to moisture, so make sure those are sealed. Otherwise, water can get down deep into the tiles, which will weaken their installation and put them at risk for mold grow. This will lead to costly problems down the road you will need to take care of.


Tile flooring is tough and the tiles are hard to crack. When you get a quality installation done, the tiles can last up to 20 years or even longer if you do a good job maintaining them. Even if one tile does crack, it is often only because of a severe impact, and you’ll find it easy to replace that tile. This means you’ll be able to keep your overall cost down, as you won’t have to replace tiles on a regular basis.

Cons of Tile Flooring


Tile flooring will not absorb or hold onto heat well, which means it gets quite cold during the winter. When installed in the home, this means your feet will experience a shock when they step on cold flooring first thing in the morning. This is important to consider if you’ll be putting tiles in a public place in your business where it’d be uncomfortable for your clients. The one advantage of this is that during the summer, it will feel great as people step on the cold floor when it is hot out.


Tile flooring is heavy, which means it is not the best choice for upper-story installations. If it is necessary to put tile flooring on the top level of a business establishment, a professional should first check the structure’s integrity. You need to make sure you’re not putting on extra stress that it can’t handle.

Slippery and Hard

While tile flooring is easy to clean because of its hardness, this means it is not necessarily comfortable to stand on. Resilient floors can often be softened with padded underlayment, but tile flooring cannot. Therefore, it doesn’t make for the best material for those who need to stand for hours at a time. However, you can put area rugs or throw rugs in the places where people stand the most, such as in front of a kitchen sink or behind the counter at the cash register.

Due to it being hard, that also means tile flooring is slippery. As a business owner, you want to prevent all accidents when you can. Therefore, this shouldn’t be installed in areas where water or liquid are frequently spilled on the floor, as this can injure your employees and leave a mess. The same goes for public bathrooms, as you do not want a lawsuit on your hands from a customer slipping on the wet tile flooring.

There are both pros and cons to installing tile flooring. You will want to consider several factors, such as where you plan on installing it, what your budget is, and who will be walking or standing on it the most. Many people love how durable it is and that it’s resistant to water, which is essential in a place such as a bathroom or a kitchen. However, others don’t like how heavy and cold the tiles are. You’ll have to decide which factors are important.

Successful Marketing Ideas For Home Builder

Features Not To Forget When Building A Custom Home

When building a new home it’s easy to include unique features that would require demolition and reconstruction should you want to add them later. Here’s a list of some things you might want to think about when building your new home.

Extra Electrical Outlets

Especially with today’s electronic gadgets, electrical outlets are used more than ever.  Add extras near where the beds will be, around the entertainment centre, on the kitchen island, around the fireplace mantle, under the windows, in the bathroom, the garage, outdoors and even under the awnings (for Christmas lights.)

Heated And Insulated Garage

Even though your garage won’t need to be at room temperature, heating and insulation will make a massive difference over the winter for both your vehicle and yourself if you need to be doing any work out there. The heated garage will also prevent frozen pipes.

Garage Hot Water Faucet

If you’re fitting your garage with a cold water faucet, it doesn’t take a whole lot of effort to add a hot water faucet as well.

Garage Floor Drain

A floor drain in your garage will allow for easy cleaning of the garage floor as well as allow for the draining of water runoff from your vehicles.  And in the case of unexpected flooding, a the floor drain may become your saviour.

What Not to Forget When Building a House

Building a home is a complex job, and if this is your first time working with a homebuilder, you may be worried about forgetting important details. Rest assured that we’ve got lots of experience with homes of all types and will make sure that we turn over a house that you’ll build memories in for decades.

Over the years, customers and building staff have accumulated a list of helpful things not to forget when building a house. These may not all apply to your particular project, but hope that by sharing them you can pick out a few extras that make life easier.


Once you’ve picked out a floor plan and started selecting paint colors, furniture won’t be far behind. Perhaps you’ll be moving furniture you already own into the new house, and perhaps you’ll be purchasing some new pieces. Either way, you can start to think about where these pieces will go. In the family room, if you already have an idea of where furniture might go and what it will look like, can work with the electricians to place outlets in the most convenient spots

A mid-room outlet – usually set in the floor, where it can be disguised by a sofa, chair or table, can be a great if you want to put a lamp somewhere away from the walls. Without the mid-room outlet you have to consider using long cords, which most folks would rather not see running across their floor.

Thinking about outlets is a good idea in other rooms. Are you planning a mudroom or hall space where the kids (or the grownups) will leave coats, backpacks and the like? That sort of space can be the perfect spot to include an outlet, allowing you to charge your phone in a spot where you’re sure to see it before heading out the door each day. These mudrooms or hall spaces are also great spots to include extra drawers or storage cubbies. There’s always extra stuff that needs to go near the door, and a bit of advance planning can really improve your happiness with the finished house.

How to request quotes from builders

It’s hard to overstate how important it is to choose the right builder. Cringeworthy stories about cost blowouts, disputes and miscommunications would be far fewer and further between if people were better informed about what they should be looking for when choosing a builder for their home, and if communications and expectations were clearer at the quotation stage.

Building your house is obviously a big deal – there are all kinds of fascinating things that can go completely wrong, and there’s a lot of money involved. Thankfully though, there’s much you can do to avoid unnecessary grief and to ensure everything goes off smoothly.

How to find good builders

Great builders aren’t hard to find – but just picking random builders out of the phone book because they have a snazzy logo or a name that tickles your funny bone isn’t the best way to go about it. Neither, for that matter, is entrusting the process to an indiscriminate middle-man quote service. It’s really important to do a bit of homework for yourself. Talk through quotes with the people providing them, thoroughly check references and credentials, and find someone you believe you can genuinely work well with.

Building designers and architects often work with the same trusted contractors who they know will do justice to their designs. A recommendation from your building designer or architect is usually a great place to start. Even if they aren’t able to recommend anyone specifically, most designers will be able to help you to find, understand and assess quotes.

Asking friends and family for recommendations is also a smart way to go. Just make sure you’re asking for genuine recommendations based on their own experiences with contractors, rather than simply asking if they ‘know anyone’. The builder’s credentials and professionalism are all that counts. A builder who’s a friend-of-a-friend who feels like they’re doing someone a favour (or who’s too ‘familiar’) may treat your project as a lower priority.

What are the things to consider before building a house?

Answering from a Middle Class point of view. All points made below are from my own experience.


(Negative shade) : You will see a lot in every nook and corners (mainly in materials purchase) while building the house.

(Positive shade) : You generate a lot of job to many people and thus by many ways you add to the development of country.

So things you need to know to save money and build a quality house are as follows:

Always go for labour contract than material contract (Unless you are really busy or if your site is far away from the construction building). You can save 15–25% of your budget by doing this.


If labour contract then be ready with the contacts of builder, carpenter, plumber, electrician, painter. If you get some good reference then good, otherwise plan a trip to their older and on-going projects for the sake of understanding the genuinity and construction quality.

Have a plan, do multiple revisions by speaking to family members on their needs, visiting some good homes, or now a days lot of good building are showcased online (you find many good houses in YouTube channels like eBangaloreProperty and many)

Get the plan done by related engineers . Talk to them as they can provide expert opinions on basic vastu and they can redesign to have more space with less walls, also beam and pillar positions can be discussed. (Planning is must for loan approval). Get it approved from local administration body (like BBMP)

Get 2D and 3D plan for the plan (When you visualize your home, believe me you will get a better clarity). If you have time, you can do it by yourself on websites like Free 3D Home Planner | Design a House Online: Planner5D and many such websites.

(Take more time in this step) Your most of the budget goes on Steel, Cement, stones, wood and bricks so plan your vendor pre-hand. You can visit – Manufacturers Suppliers Exporters Directory,Exporter Manufacturer , I really found some good sellers there, you will also get some basic idea on prices of all the materials over there. You can save a lot but doing proper research and bargaining here.

If you are planning for borewell then nothing to worry about water, otherwise make a deal with water supplier (water tanker or lender) pre-hand.

Have a rough estimation in hand, allocate budget. Something like:

Labour cost would be around 1/5th the budget

Kitchen with modular style would be 1.5-2L INR

Plumbing 1–2L INR

Painting 1–2L INR

Flooring 3–4L INR(Use vetrified tiles for flooring over marble/ granite)

Wood (doors and windows) ~3L INR (Aluminium windows are preferred as they are cheaper, better and save space)

Gates/ Steel Grill -1L INR

Go for Materials like M-Sand for construction, P-Sand for plastering and hollow block bricks which are better and cheaper.

Steel can be of any company as long as it bears ISI sign. Same goes with cement too. Mostly the well known companies are costly just because they spend on advertising it. Use 53grade cement for pillar and slab while 43 grade/PPC for wall construction.


Try visiting the site atleast once a day.

Setup camera on the site by renting out construction site cameras (they are costly but you will be relieved to see proper amount of bricks being unloaded, can monitor people working, also keeps place secure) or setup a temporary shed and hire a watchman. If you are staying closer or planning to move near the site then you can avoid camera and watchman.

Curing cement wall is a very important process, if you are doing it then do it atleast twice a day and be generous in watering the walls, as it is must in order to prevent cracks on the wall.

Always buy cement in bulk(wholesale) as they are 15–20INR cheaper.

Do lot of research before purchasing bath fittings, electric wires etc. I found some deals cheaper than online prices.

Go for ready made doors as they are cheap and durable.

Always remember to smile and speak really politely to all workers.


the place we come back to each and every day. We believe that GREAT DESIGN helps hide the clutter, not pretend your kids never make it. We believe that a passion for detail means you get the style you want. We believe service is a person who knows your name, and your family’s name

success is due to our deep commitment to innovation and continued evolution to benefit customers, such as:

display homes being open 7 days for your convenience

Experts guiding you through each stage of the building journey

A state-wide CustomerCARE program

proudest milestones are those which benefit customers, demonstrating truly care about you. Everything do is done to ensure you will always love being


Selecting your new home’s look and feel is one of the most exciting and overwhelming stages of the home building journey. team of interior design professionals will guide you through each and every selection, to bring your vision of your home dream to life.


are passionate about helping achieve their goal of building their dream home. have a long standing relationship with Bank of Us, specialists in construction home loans. A Bank of us expert is on hand making the home finance process simpler, thanks to doing everything all in the one place with one team.

Affordable Self Unloading Services Moving With Household Freight

What is moving labor and why do you need it?

Moving is difficult – if you have ever moved house, you will know how true this is. Every stage and part of the moving process is difficult, each one more so than the other. And while some aspects of the relocation endeavor are emotionally difficult (leaving your comfort zone, parting with close friends, braving the unknown, etc.), others are physically difficult – packing your entire household, running back and forth on various tasks, loading and unloading the moving truck, and so on.

These laborious moving tasks not only drain your energy and your time (not to mention your motivation and excitement), but may even pose a risk to your health, your property, and your belongings – just imagine dropping a heavy piece of furniture on your feet or on the polished wooden floo

Your best option is to hire full-service movers, of course – they will do all the work for you and will perform your move in the safest, fastest, and most efficient way possible. If you cannot afford their services, however, or if you prefer to have greater control over the process, you may decide to rent a moving truck and transport your belongings to your new home yourself.

What is moving labor?

Moving labor professionals provide flexible moving services to people who plan to move themselves but need help moving furniture and other heavy household items, loading the moving truck, unloading it at the final destination, or performing some other laborious moving tasks. Some moving laborers specialize in loading and unloading services only. Others are full-service moving companies that offer labor services as well.

How does it work?

If you choose to pack and transport your belongings yourself, but can’t (or don’t want to) do all the heavy lifting on your own, you can hire moving labor to help you load and unload the moving truck. Your moving helpers will literally take the weight off your shoulders and provide you with all the moving assistance you need.

How to properly unload a moving truck?

After all the packing and moving preparations, and after the relocation is over, al that is left is to unload a moving truck! And this is not something you can do without having a plan. You will have to make sure everything is prepared for your upcoming unloading.

What to do before you unload a moving truck?

Before you even begin your relocation, you have to start with a good packing preparation. Once you have found all the packing materials needed it is time to pack your home. Categorize every item in your home! You can do it by rooms they belong to, or by any other category you desire! After that, you can use bright colored markers to label the moving boxes!  That will make unloading a moving truck easier and stressless!  It is important to write down the contents on the moving boxes because later on, it will be easier to figure out where to put them after the move.

It is very important to label them because you are making both yours and your movers job much easier! That way they will know how to handle your boxes and how to properly load them into the moving truck.

Moving truck and packing order

Safety should always be your number one top priority when moving. Especially if you are about to [plan your long-distance relocation. Not only should you be careful about it, but also you need to know how to load the moving truck. In order to unload all the items properly, you have to know this part as well. Not to mention that it will keep your items safe from any damages that might happen. Now, there is only one way to load them into the moving truck

Clean your home before moving in

One thing is for certain! You need to have your new home cleaned before you move in and unpack! This is the perfect opportunity to reach all the places you can’t reach normally when there is furniture around. Also, it will be easier to do everything while there are no furniture and boxes laying around

Packing Tips

Full Service Moving Packages

With convenient service add-ons and additional liability options, makes it easy to enhance your moving experience.

Packing Checklists

Organize your packing supplies, take steps to protect your items and prepare for moving day with one of our easy-to-follow, downloadable packing checklists.

Packing Videos

Learn how to pack each room in your home with step-by-step tutorials from the video library.

Packing Information

Learn packing techniques developed by professionals and get helpful advice on streamlining the packing process with packing tips.

Unpacking Services

Unpacking tends to take longer than planned, or it becomes one more stressful thing to add to the list. can help you get organized with unpacking services that allow you to focus on more important things like settling into your new home.

Loading And Unloading Services


care for your home as much as care for your belongings. Before a single carton is put onto our truck, protect your house from any potential knicks or scraps. Floor runners will be laid and bannisters will be wrap to ensure your house is exactly how found it.


On moving day, a record detailing what items went onto truck will be taken by your driver. The listing gives a clear idea of what should come of truck at your new home. At your destination, you’ll be able to verify every carton and piece of furniture that’s unloaded off the truck and into your new home.

Condition Assessment

note the condition your furniture is in prior to loading it onto the truck. This gives you an accurate view of what your items should look like when they arrive at your new home.


Your belongings will be packed with speed and care when you add this service to your move. crew will arrive the day before or the morning of your move to prepare your possesions for moving day.


Unpacking your belongings can be just as tedious as packing them. happy to take this on for you so you can enjoy your new space faster. Ask your moving professional to add unpacking to your move

Packing & unloading Services

Ensuring the Safety of Your Belongings

The most time-consuming part of moving is the packing and unloading of items. are here to make your move as easy as possible. professionals at the moving process, so let make a plan on how to pack, transport, and unpack all of your belongings strategically.

Ensuring Safe Packing Methods

One of the top concerns in packing is doing it in such a way that your belongings stay protected. Many have experienced the turmoil of discovering that certain valuable items have been damaged or even destroyed during the move. Whether you plan to move on your own or wish to use residential or commercial moving services, can ensure that your goods are packed in the safest possible manner and that they arrive safely to your new home or business.

Service Includes

Moving a home or business is often a very strenuous and time-consuming task. Some people spend several months packing. As the boxes accumulate and the moving deadline approaches, it can be easy to become stressed, overwhelmed, and exhausted. In addition, after the move is complete, it’s hard to find time to get it all unpacked. Some people have boxes remaining to be emptied even after a year.

The packing and unloading moving service we provide involves:






Each of these tasks is handled by highly skilled movers whose backgrounds have been checked and verified, so your belongings are 100% safe in their hands.

Moving deal with the time-consuming task of packing and unloading. are ready for items of any shape, size, and weight and are prepared to invest the time necessary to start and finish this project efficiently. years of experience in methods and techniques of planning, packing, moving, and unloading shine above the competition

Before Hiring Live Music For A Corporate Party For Crucial Ingredients Event Planner Must Know

What are the characteristics of a special event?

The special events sector of the industry broadly consists of private events, sporting events, public events, and fairs & festivals. They are considered ‘special’ events because they are outside of the host’s normal business, program, or activity.

Special events are generally hospitality or entertainment-based, and are therefore of a social, rather than business, nature. That’s not to say they don’t still have business objectives; while some are purely celebratory, many are held for the purpose of marketing, advertising, promotion, and sales.

Each of these broad categories within special events is actually made up of many different types of events. Let’s look at each one individually.

Private events

Parties and celebrations

Typically, when people think of private events they just think of parties and celebrations; receptions, dinners, birthdays, bar/bat mitzvahs, weddings, and anniversaries.

Yet, technically, a private event just means one that is aimed at a specific audience of invited guests, i.e. not open to everyone. Therefore, within the private events category of special events, there are also several sub-categories.

Brand communications events

Certain types of brand communications events are private events, such as retail events, launches, fashion shows, award ceremonies, openings, and premieres. These are, for the most part, held for invited guests only. So while brand events make up their own sector of the event industry, they sit under the umbrella of special events; some in the private events category and others, as we’ll see below, in public events or fairs & festivals.

Charity / non-profit events

Similarly, charity events and fundraisers make up another large sector of the events industry, but these also come under the umbrella of special events. Some, such as gala dinners, are private events aimed at a particular group of major donors, while others, as we see below, are public or sporting events, such as bike rides and marathons.

Therefore, private events can be used to encompass many different types of events; from parties and celebrations, to brand marketing, promotional, and launch events, and also fundraisers and charity galas—all of which are considered private special events.

Public events

Public events are generally held in public spaces, open to the general public, and free to attend or spectate. They typically require the permission or involvement of public officials, such as the Mayor or local council.

Community / national events

These types of events might be small local community events, such as a street party, or large-scale national events, such as the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade. Sometimes, in the case of the Olympics, they are even international events.

Local council / government events

Some public events are local council or government-organized events, held for celebration or entertainment purposes, such as Royal weddings, Presidential inaugurations, New Year’s Eve celebrations, official commemorative events, street parties, and town festivals.

Parades / festivals / demonstrations

Others, such as parades, public performances, non-commercial festivals, rallies and protests—everything from Gay Pride to World Zombie Day and Chinese New Year Festivals—might be organized by community groups or political, religious, and non-profit organizations in order to celebrate, educate, or demonstrate.

Fairs & festivals

Conventions / exhibitions

While some public events are also fairs and festivals, not all fairs and festivals are public events.

When a convention, exhibition, fair, or festival is aimed at consumers rather than trade, such as Britain & Ireland’s Next Top Model Live in the UK or the various international Star Trek conventions, it is classified as a special event.

While you could argue that these are still a type of public event because anyone can attend, as long as you pay the entry fee, many of these events are held in private venues—convention centers or exhibition halls—rather than public spaces. Therefore, because they are neither free nor held in a public space, they sit within their own category of special events known as fairs and festivals.

Commercial festivals

This category also includes commercially-operated festivals. These events might take place in a public space, but are created as for-profit events, often by a private company who has simply hired the location from the council. Some of these events will be free to attend, and so are often considered public events, but the primary purpose is for the organizers to make a profit by selling products, food & beverages, or entertainment.

Sporting events

National events

The sporting events category of special events includes many nationally and internationally renowned events. In the US these include the NFL Super Bowl, the Kentucky Derby, and the US Open, and in Europe, the Formula 1 Monaco Grand Prix, Wimbledon Tennis Championships, and Le Tour de France.

Local events

At a local level, there are also many different types of sporting events, such as boat races, rodeos, bike rides, marathons, and equestrian events, all of which come under the umbrella of special events.

Characteristics of a Successful Event

Event success is mixed. The nonprofit sector is full of legend about tremendously lucrative events and stories of unmitigated disasters.

What makes the difference in event success? Here are seven things successful events have in common:

Solid objectives:

The most successful events start with clear objectives in place. You have to know exactly what you are trying to accomplish and how this event fits into your strategy before you create the event. Are you hoping to get new donors?  Do you want to improve your donor retention?  Are you looking for support for a new initiative?

The skinny:

Make sure you include the objective of the event in your initial planning. It will help you create the most effective and efficient format.

Adherence to your brand:

While “brand” isn’t a word used we use very often in the nonprofit arena, it is more important than ever to distinguish the personality and values of your organization. And your events will only really work if they embody that ethos. If your brand is about being a cutting edge organization on environmental policy, you wouldn’t hold a golf tournament fundraiser, right?

The skinny: The design of your event has to carry through your brand in order to attract supporters that will turn into prospects for longer-term support.

The right resources: Events are an expensive way to raise money.  Return on investment numbers vary wildly, but one thing is for sure: they are almost always more expensive than you think. Once staff time is included in the calculation, many events actually lose money. And the opportunity cost is high. Events take valuable staff and volunteer time away from other kinds of fundraising.

The skinny: Make sure you have budgets in place before any event details are even considered. These budgets should include staff time and direct costs, as well as revenue projections so that you can calculate an expected return on investment from the beginning.

Volunteer involvement: While staff can carry the ball in many forms of fundraising, events need volunteer involvement in order to really thrive. Not only does this reduce the investment of staff time, but it also activates people who really believe in your cause to inspire others to come to your event. It feels more authentic, more social, and frankly, more of a fun time if there is peer-to-peer involvement.

The skinny: For nearly any event, consider having a host committee. This isn’t about arranging the flowers. It’s about knowing the right people who will get the right people in the room for your cause.

Keeping to your plan: It’s so easy to get caught up in the excitement of an event and add or subtract things as the momentum grows. But your event can’t afford to be everything to everyone. For example, if you are having an event to thank long-term donors and improve retention, it’s tempting to add a paddle raiser or silent auction while this group is together. But that sends mixed messages that could really backfire on your original goal.

The skinny: Keep you original objectives front and center. Don’t add or delete any details without first going back to measure against your original goals.

How To Locate A Dog Bite Lawyer

Dog Bite Laws: What Is Breed Specific Legislation?

Dog attacks can be a real and serious problem in communities across the country, but addressing dangerous and potentially dangerous dogs can be a confusing and touchy issue. Breed-specific legislation (BSL) is the blanket term for laws that either regulate or ban certain dog breeds in an effort to decrease dog attacks on humans and other animals. However, the problem of dangerous dogs will not be remedied by the “quick fix” of breed-specific laws—or, as they should truly be called, breed-discriminatory laws.

Who Is Impacted by Breed-Specific Laws?

Regulated breeds typically comprise the “pit bull” class of dogs, including American Pit Bull Terriers, American Staffordshire Terriers, Staffordshire Bull Terriers and English Bull Terriers. In some areas, regulated breeds also include a variety of other dogs like American Bulldogs, Rottweilers, Mastiffs, Dalmatians, Chow Chows, German Shepherds, Doberman Pinschers or any mix of these breeds—and dogs who simply resemble these breeds.

Many states, including New York, Texas and Illinois, favor laws that identify, track and regulate dangerous dogs individually—regardless of breed—and prohibit BSL. However, more than 700 U.S. cities have enacted breed-specific laws.

What kinds of dogs are included in breed-specific laws?

Breed-specific legislation always targets pit bulls, the premier fighting breed. This class of dogs is comprised of several breeds: American pit bull terrier, American Staffordshire terrier and Staffordshire bull terrier. The American bulldog can also be classified within this group, as they share a common gene pool and are close cousins. The breed standard for the American bulldog, Scott-type, was developed by crossing early Johnson lines with the American pit bull terrier.

Much less commonly, breed-specific ordinances target rottweilers, the second most lethal dog breed in the United States. Some cities also incorporate additional fighting and bull-baiting breeds, such as the presa canario, cane corso, dogo argentino and other pit bull-mastiff derivatives. Yet, these instances are rare. The focal point of breed-specific legislation has always been pit bulls because this class of dogs is the most common and negatively impacts communities the most.

Wolf-dog hybrids fall into a special class due to their mixture of being part undomesticated. The regulation of wolf hybrids often occurs on a state-level for this reason. States like Alaska, Michigan, Massachusetts and Maryland ban their ownership. When state law is silent on this issue, some cities do incorporate wolf hybrids into their breed-specific ordinances. Notably, all three major military divisions prohibit pit bulls, rottweilers and wolf hybrids in privatized housing.

Visual breakdown

To show how these ordinances are applied across several hundred different dog breeds, we analyzed our estimated U.S. jurisdictions with breed-specific laws. Of the 860 cities that regulate specific dog breeds, 100% target pit bulls. The second most regulated breed, rottweilers, were named in only 7% of these ordinances. Followed by wolf hybrids and presa canarios, each named in 3% and mastiff variations, American bulldogs and doberman pinschers, each named in 2%.

There are several reasons why breed-specific bans and restrictions are not a responsible approach to dog bite prevention:

  • Breed-specific laws can be difficult to enforce, especially when a dog’s breed can’t easily be determined or if it is of mixed breed.

Frequently, breed-specific legislation focuses on dogs with a certain appearance or physical characteristics, instead of an actual breed. “Pit bulls” are the most frequent targets of breed-specific legislation despite being a general type rather than a breed; other breeds also are sometimes banned, including Rottweilers, Dobermans and boxers. However, it is extremely difficult to determine a dog’s breed or breed mix simply by looking at it. A study conducted by Maddie’s Fund, a national shelter initiative, showed that even people very familiar with dog breeds cannot reliably determine the primary breed of a mutt, and dogs often are incorrectly classified as “pit bulls”. Because identification of a dog’s breed with certainty is prohibitively difficult, breed-specific laws are inherently vague and very difficult to enforce.

  • Breed-specific legislation is discriminatory against responsible owners and their dogs.

By generalizing the behaviors of dogs that look a certain way, innocent dogs and pet owners suffer. BSL can lead to the euthanasia of innocent dogs that fit a certain “look,” and to responsible pet owners being forced to move or give up dogs that have never bitten or threatened to bite. Furthermore, dogs that are considered to be of a “dangerous breed” may already be serving the community in positions such as police work, military operations, rescue purposes, and as service animals. Contrary to being a liability, these animals are assets to society; however they, too, suffer due to misinformation and breed-based stereotypes.

  • Puppy socialization prepares dogs for training and interactionBreed bans do not address the social issue of irresponsible pet ownership.

Dogs are more likely to become aggressive when they are unsupervised, unneutered, and not socially conditioned to live closely with people or other dogs. Banning a specific breed can give a community a false sense of security, and deemphasize to owners of other breeds the importance of appropriate socialization and training, which is a critical part of responsible pet ownership. In enacting breed-specific legislation, cities and states will spend money trying to enforce ineffective bans and restrictions rather than implementing proven solutions, such as licensing and leash laws, and responding proactively to owners of any dog that poses a risk to the community.

Argument against breed specific laws, but conceding that other corrective measures must be taken

A large group of organizations and experts believes, “do nothing to the dogs, but educate dog owners, children and the elderly, enact strong criminal laws prohibiting dangerous behavior on the part of dog owners, and gather more information about the problem.”

A respected group of canine professionals took this position in the authoritative paper entitled, A Community Approach to Dog Bite Prevention. They advocated dealing with the epidemic by instituting a combination of animal control ordinances and educational efforts, as well as more accurate reporting of dog attacks. They opposed breed bans on the ground that any dog could be a bad dog, that it is too difficult to identify breeds like pit bulls, and that people with bad intentions will turn harmless breeds into killer breeds to stay one step ahead of the law.

The following points are often contended by those who oppose breed bans:

  • The USA generally does not favor the restriction and punishment of the masses based on the actions of a few.
  • Focusing legislation on dogs that are “vicious” distracts attention from the real problem, which is irresponsible owners.
  • These very breeds as a whole have proven their stability and good canine citizenry by becoming search and rescue dogs, therapy dogs working inside hospitals, herding dogs and family companions for years.
  • Banning one so-called dangerous breed will merely hasten the upswing in popularity of some other breed that will be used for vicious attacks on people and other animals.
  • There is no valid reason to deprive animal lovers of their well behaved pets.
  • The reports and statistics are flawed. Among other things, a dog bite victim is usually unable to identify the breed of dog that bit him or her. Therefore, victims will name the type of dog that currently is on people’s minds as being the dangerous dog.

Argument in support of breed restrictions as opposed to bans

Many authorities say, “teach people dog safety, regulate by passing tougher civil and criminal laws, and restrict by keeping certain breeds away from the wrong people, places and situations.”

This group agrees with the “community approach” but would go further, eliminating the “one bite rule,” requiring insurance as a condition for ownership of certain types of dogs, toughening the dog control laws, criminalizing the failure to stop a dog attack in progress, and keeping dangerous dogs away from the wrong people, places and situations.

It is now abundantly clear that the bigger, more powerful breeds have no purpose or place in crowded urban settings. In states like California, however, it is illegal for cities to regulate dogs in any manner that is specific as to breed. In other words, no city is allowed to make Presa Canarios, Rottweilers or pit bulls “against the law.” In fact, cities are not allowed to regulate those dogs in any way whatsoever, unless the regulation applies to all dogs. (See California’s prohibition against laws based on breed.)

You might wonder why it is illegal to own a goat or a chicken in a crowded city, but perfectly fine to own a man-eating dog! It makes absolutely no sense. In fact, the laws that makes breed specific legislation illegal are not only illogical, but also hypocritical. The ban against breed specific legislation can hurt dog owners by making it seem legal to own any kind of dog they want, in any setting. Society seems to say to prospective dog owners, “go ahead and get any dog you want.” However, if something happens because that dog was inappropriate, then society may put the dog owner in jail — possibly for life. The prosecution of Knoller and Noel for the horrific mauling of Diane Whipple was a breed specific prosecution. Quite correctly, the prosecutors showed that the breed of dog that killed Whipple was dangerous and totally inappropriate for a crowded apartment building in a crowded city. However, is it fair to keep cities from regulating the kinds of breeds that people keep, and yet allow prosecutors to throw the book at people who keep giant, cattle herding dogs like Presa Canarios in their apartments? If breed specific prosecutions are legal — and they certainly should be! — then breed specific regulations also should be legal.

Posted inLegal