Choose An Electrical Contractor When Considering Electrical Panel Upgrades And Repairs

Electrical Panel Upgrade

What Is an Electrical Panel Upgrade?

Not sure what an electrical panel upgrade is? That’s okay because you are not alone. Most homeowners are unfamiliar with this type of electrical service, and few know when they are due for it. First of all, an electrical panel is the component of your electrical system that receives the electricity that is coming into your home from the power grid. It also transfers that energy to circuits, which then distribute power throughout your home. An electrical panel typically lasts between 25 to 40 years before needing to be replaced.

As your home ages and technology advances, your electrical panel may need to be upgraded. That means that your current panel needs to have its capacity increased so that it can handle your home’s electricity demand. Panel capacity is measured in amperage (amps). If you currently have a 100-amp service, it may need to be upgraded to a 150 or 200-amp service.

When to Upgrade Your Electrical Panel?

There are two primary indications that you should upgrade your electrical panel. The first is if you have been experiencing electrical problems in your home.

Common electrical problems that may indicate your need for electrical panel replacement include:

Your lights are flickering – Your everyday electrical appliances like your AC and refrigerator use more electricity than you’d think. If your electrical grid is spread too thin your flickering lights will be one of the first signs of the need for electrical panel replacement.

Your breakers trip frequently – One tripped circuit here and there isn’t anything to write home about, but if you’re noticing that this happens all too often then contact our Los Angeles electrical panel replacement professionals.

You have to turn off one appliance to use another – In a properly functioning electrical grid, there shouldn’t be a trade-off in power for one electrical appliance if another is turned on or off.

Your breakers will not stay reset – It’s possible that your breakers aren’t functioning to the best of their abilities and while this could be fixed, it could also be a sign for electrical panel replacement.

Your appliances are running at less than full power – Look out for appliances that are shutting off or not starting all together and if you notice anything is off the get in touch with our Los Angeles electrical panel replacement technicians.

You feel tingling or mild shock when touching switches or appliances – Your electrical grid shouldn’t produce any shocks or heat and if it does, then you’re in line for an upgrade.

You hear sizzling, crackling, or buzzing coming from receptacles – While electricity may seem to do everything, it’s supposed to do so silently.

The second indication that you require a panel upgrade is if you are expecting to significantly increase the electricity demand in your home. For example, you are getting ready to add something to your home that requires a lot of electricity, such as an HVAC system, hot tub, or electric dryer. Or perhaps, you are planning to build on a room to your home. More space means more electricity is needed for things like lighting and air conditioning. Both of these scenarios point to your need for a panel upgrade.


There is nothing more essential than the electrical system in your home, and safety matters above all else. We’ll be there to help you take good care of your home and all of the facets of your electrical system.

Improve Your Household With Panel Upgrades

you probably have already begun to notice the signs. Homeowners in need of electrical panel upgrades will have to unplug one appliance to use another, blow fuses frequently, and just don’t have enough power to take care of today’s needs.

Older homes have charm but can rarely keep up with modern day demand for electricity. You’ll notice benefits such as:

One of the immediate perks many homeowners don’t even think about is the fact that this increases the value and the ability to sell a home much easier. Even if you’re not planning on selling anytime soon, there’s nothing wrong with maximizing the value. Should the day arrive that you do want to sell, you’ll be able to maximize the asking price and sell quicker.

Stop having the issues that are symptoms of an outdated panel. This includes flickering lights, appliances that burn out, and surges.

Make better use of your existing electrical system. Today’s demands include watching TV in multiple rooms, while charging multiple electronic gadgets, and other tasks that are a high draw of electricity. The only way for an older home with an older panel to keep up is to get updated.

You can also lower your homeowner’s insurance with this upgrade. Since this lowers the likelihood of a panel related fire, this will be reflected in your insurance premiums.


There are plenty of options available to you for home upgrades. While many are fun and exciting luxuries, the important ones are the ones that can improve your at-home living experience.


When you hire team to conduct your panel upgrade for you, you can feel confident knowing that you hired the right professionals for the job. In every service that provide, main objective is to provide customers with the most reliable, safe, and efficient electrical system possible. are honored by the fact that so many local property owners trust with their electrical maintenance needs. will honor that trust by putting best effort forward in order to provide you with the highest quality services possible.

The Importance of Your Electrical Panel

The electrical panel of your home is vitally important. Electricity from the power grid enters your home at the electrical panel. This electricity is then sent to the various circuits within your property. As such, if your electrical panel is damaged or insufficient for your energy needs, the entirety of your electrical system will malfunction and under-perform.

When to Conduct an Electrical Panel Upgrade

In modern homes, demand more electricity for devices and appliances than ever did in the past. Unfortunately, many older electrical panels were not designed to provide this amount of energy. If you notice that your electrical system is not operating reliably, it may be because your electrical panel needs to be upgraded.

Common signs that your electrical panel is insufficient for your energy needs, include:

Routinely tripping circuit breakers

Dimming and flickering lights

Excessive use of power strips or extension cords

Because these are signs that your electrical system is being overloaded, they are also indications that there may be a safety hazard to your home. An electrical panel upgrade can resolve all of these issues.

If you are conducting any major remodeling and adding a new circuit to your home, you should consider upgrading your electrical panel as well. Any major increase in electrical demand can overload your panel and cause sub-optimal performance.

Electric control panel enclosure for power and distribution electricity. Uninterrupted, electrical voltage.


Sometimes the most important and pivotal parts of how a business runs are taken for granted. Take your WiFi, for example. You probably rely heavily on WiFi and Internet access, but you don’t spend your time thinking about it… unless there’s a problem, that is.

Electrical panels are critical for the function, safety, and operation of many commercial applications and businesses. However, a lot of business owners and industries have one installed and then don’t think about it again unless a problem arises.

Now that we’ve reminded you of your electrical panel, you might be asking yourself what you should be looking for and when it’s best to get an electrical panel upgrade. In this post, we’re going over some of the best reasons for a commercial electrical panel upgrade that you should consider for your own system.


Old electrical panels that haven’t been updated in years or ones that haven’t even been looked at in years are at the top of the list for an electrical panel upgrade. As time goes on, components of your electrical panel are going to wear down. Wires, breakers, fuses, and more can wear down with age, which can lead to problems and damage to the panel.

Your Technology Is Outdated

You might think that outdated technology is the same as age, but that isn’t necessarily the case. Think about the pace that technological advancement has. Technology changes rapidly and significantly in very short periods of time. Something that was state of the art a few years ago is almost always outpaced within a year or two by new technology or advancements.

Upgrade Your Electrical Panel Before You Plug in Decorations

A most wonderful time of the year for house fires, according to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), each holiday season an average of 150 homes are burned, 8 people killed, and 14 injured due to incorrect use of holiday lights.

Before you deck the halls – deck your wall with a new electrical panel

All those lights covering your roof, windows, trees and bushes might not seem as powerful as your jumbo-size snow blower, but multiplied by each strand and in combination with your Stay-Puft size inflatable snowman, they can put quite a load on your electrical system. Even seemingly modest plans can strain the system of older homes. In fact, if your home is more than a mere 20 years old, chances are good your breaker box and meter are no longer up-to-date, and would greatly benefit from a 100 amp or higher meter and breaker box boost.

Thinking maybe you’ll return those extra lights with that ugly holiday sweater?

Those Christmas lights aren’t the only thing stressing your electrical panel. Chances are your merry home is also decked out with large heating and air systems, multiple flat screen TVs and refrigerators, dryers, dishwashers, microwave and toaster ovens, hair dryers, and an endless array of mobile devices sucking down juice, combined requiring more power than many older homes have the electrical capacity to manage.

Why don’t I just bump up my breakers?

Yikes. Occasionally homeowners burn out on resetting a breaker, replacing it with one larger than the wire it’s connected to is rated to carry. This is never a good idea, as it increases the possibility of overload, and is why today’s current electrical panels require GFCIs (ground fault circuit interrupters) to further protect against overload and electrocution risks. If you’re experiencing issues with repeatedly tripping breakers, have your box professionally inspected to identify issues.

How can you know for sure it’s time to upgrade?

You live in an older home.

Electrical panels are only designed to last about 25-40 years. Worse, some somewhat newer panels house defective/recalled components the average homeowner is ignorant of. Complicating matters, homes pre-1950 were often build with only 30, 50, or 60 amp service, which is just not enough power for today’s home.

Lights dim when large appliances turn on.

If the lights in your home dim or flicker when your HVAC, microwave, hairdryer, or other energy sucking appliance is switched on, it’s a dead giveaway of the need for an upgrade.

Breakers trip frequently – or not at all.

Worn out panels are more susceptible surges. If you’re resetting breakers a few times a week, your box is in need of some serious attention. Also, if breaker resets do not restore power – or your box/breakers doesn’t shut off during overload –  you may have a faulty service panel.

Signs of electrical fire within the panel.

Dark discoloration – scorch marks – indicate a need for professional assistance right away.

Self Fullerton Mold Remediation Versus Professional Fullerton Mold Remediation

Steps for Effective Toxic Mold Removal

Toxic molds and fungi are a significant source of airborne volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that create indoor air quality (IAQ) problems. Toxic mold growth produces dangerous mycotoxins and infectious airborne mold spores which often cause serious health problems to residents and workers.

Learn the techniques and procedures recommended for safe and successful toxic mold inspection, testing, and remediation – whether the property owner prefers “do it yourself” or to hire a Certified Mold Remediator (CMR). How? Read mold remediation self-help books and visit internet mold advice websites, plus get professional guidance.

Locate and fix all sources of mold-causing water intrusion such as recurring flooding, plumbing leaks, leaky roofs or siding, blocked air conditioning condensation drain lines, and high indoor humidity (e.g. above 50 to 60 percent).

Inspect and mold test inside, above, and below each water-penetrated ceiling, wall, and floor with a fiber optics inspection device, a hidden moisture meter, do-it-yourself mold test kits, or inspection by a Certified Mold Inspector (CMI), and by cutting out small core dry wall samples from the water-impacted surfaces. Look in the middle and back of each core for visible mold growth.

Find and locate all toxic mold infestations (visible and hidden) in the entire home or building by thorough, all-around mold inspection and mold testing (with mold laboratory analysis and mold species identification of collected mold samples).

Mold Infestation

Where does mold come from?

Mold is a natural piece of the environment and can be useful for thriving wildlife. It breaks down dead organic matter, for example, leaves and trees, but when mold makes it way indoors, it wreaks havoc

When there is mold infestation in your home is mostly likely due to the moisture in the air or any surfaces that are wet. It doesn’t matter what type of mold it is, all mold cannot grow without water or moisture.

Things you should know about Mold.

There are health effects associated with mold exposure.

There is no guarantee to permanently remove mold from your property, only prevention.

If there is mold, clean up and eliminating the source of moisture feeding the mold prevents it from growing. Clean-up within 24-48 hours after detection.

Repair the water/moisture problem.

Reduce indoor humidity to 30-60%.

Mold can be found and grown on any surface; mold on hard surfaces can be easily cleaned with water and some sort of detergent but mold on absorbent materials will have to be replaced by your local restoration company.

Furniture Mold Cleaning

Water and mold can not only affect the structure of your home, but also your belongings. If your home has suffered damage from a leak or flood, it’s important to check all indoor furnishings and fixtures for signs of mold damage.

utilize several methods of cleaning your contents, including:

Dry Cleaning – Used for cleaning light residues or to pre-clean prior to wet cleaning.

Wet Cleaning – An effective cleaning method for removing moderate to heavy residues.

Spray and Wipe -Effective for items that can’t withstand wet cleaning.

Foam Cleaning – Used for upholstery fabrics that might shrink or bleed if wet cleaned.

Abrasive Cleaning – Involves agitation of the surface being cleaned.

Immersion Cleaning – Contents are dipped into a bath of the cleaning product

Facts About Proper Mold Removal

The weather here can be many things, depending on the time of year, and even the time of day. Hot, muggy summers can offer pristine conditions for mold growth. Likewise, a frigid winter causing pipes to burst and homes to flood can equally encourage mold growth if the water is not removed quickly and effectively.

Here are some fast facts about the mold removal process:

Mold can grow very quickly. Some experts believe mold can start growing in 24 to 48 hours after a flood if standing water is still present. Environmental factors like temperature and air movement also play a role in the potential growth. This is what it is important to get a professional water restoration company into the space quickly. They will start the drying process immediately after a flood or other water loss, often even before the insurance adjuster arrives on site.

Restoration companies, like Total Restoration, work very closely with insurance adjusters. That means project estimators have a very good idea what areas have been impacted by mold, what it will cost to remove it, and what the insurance company is going to cover.

Spraying bleach on mold is not a recommended way of dealing with the problem. You cannot kill mold in that sense, because dead mold spores and just as dangerous as life ones. Mold is mold, and can be toxic in both forms. Instead, mold removal experts at Total Restoration work to eliminate the source of the mold and return your property to a safe state.

The best restoration companies abide by detailed industry standards for work like mold removal. This means there are best practices established industry-wide, and the process is proven to work time and time again. There are very effective chemicals, antimicrobials, and other products used during the mold removal and remediation process to be sure the spores are gone for good, and not going to grow back in the same place, or elsewhere.

Mold illness is a real thing. Not every person is susceptible to mold-related illnesses, but some are, and the effects can be serious. The main mold-related illness is called Chronic Inflammatory Disease, and it is the direct result of exposure to mold spores. Research shows about 25% of people are genetically predisposed to CIRS. Beyond CIRS, mold spores can also trigger asthma flare-ups, rashes, cough, and other physical responses.

Bottom line, if you’ve found mold, don’t stress. There are a lot of factors involved, but there are also proven ways to very effectively fix the problem quickly. It is key if you think there is mold in your home or business that it be addressed by experts. Trying to remediate or remove mold on your own could cause the spores to spread and contaminate other parts of the building, and it’s likely a problem that will not disappear on its own.

Mold Found in an apartment Unit

Hoarders come in all shapes and sizes, involving many different types of items from trash to treasures, like rare books and other contents. You can find a hoarder in any place from the cheapest apartments in town to the most expensive neighborhoods. If your friends, family, and loved ones have a hoarding problem and you need someone to come trash out the place for you to start from square one, you know who to call.

Water damage creates a perfect breeding ground for mold growth.

With all of the storms we have been having lately we have been inundated with water damage jobs and a lot of Restoration companies area are backlogged. If you are having to wait for someone to come to take care of your water damage areas the is a good chance that mold growth can occur and create a larger, more serious issue. Mold and mildew can start forming in as little too 24 to 48 hours. Make sure to keep the area as clean and ventalated as possible. Keep in mind that just because you don’t see mold, doesn’t mean it’s not there.

Mold Removal vs. Mold Remdiation

In reality, it is nearly impossible to remove all mold in a particular area. That’s not a bad thing. Mold in and of itself is not bad as we generally have it thought out in our heads. For example, Some molds are used to make some delicious types of cheese. Mold generally becomes a problem when it starts to grow on surfaces inside buildings. But outdoors, we encounter mold spores almost on a continual basis.

Inside exposure to mold is most dangerous to small children, those with severe respiratory issues, and those with weakened immune systems (for example someone receiving chemotherapy to treat cancer.) It should also be noted, that in some cases exposure to mold can lead to the development of asthma.

best way to avoid the development of mold are (Better Homes and Gardens):

Use dehumidifiers, fans, and open windows to help reduce the moisture in your home. Be especially vigilant during hot, humid months.

Fix plumbing leaks as soon as possible.

Do what you can to prevent rainwater from seeping into your home. Check potential problem areas regularly.

Clean the fabrics in your home routinely and keep them dry.

Store items in dry, well-ventilated areas.

Ways To Prevent Mold In The Winter

Although seasonal outdoor conditions have little effect on mold growth inside enclosed environments of a home, airborne spores that spawn mold may infiltrate the house any time of the year. Controlling certain factors specific to the cold season can at least reduce the odds of household mold contamination

tips preventing mold in the winter:

1. Run ceiling fans in the reverse (clockwise) mode for winter. A ceiling fan rotating clockwise pulls warm air upwards and pushes it across the ceiling and down walls and windows. This air circulation dries out condensation, eliminating another source of mold triggering moisture.

2. Humidify sparingly. Winter air is often dry and irritating to certain individuals. To alleviate these symptoms, humidifiers are commonly utilized to add water vapor to indoor air. Maintain indoor humidity levels at 60% or below to discourage mold.

3. Dry wet areas. Many parts of the house tend to be damp in the winter- windows, mirrors, pipes- due to condensation. By quickly removing moisture with a towel it prevents them from becoming potential for mold.

4. Check the attic. While your roof shingles may shed summer rain effectively, stationary seepage from melting snow on the roof is another matter. Roof leakage due to snow melt or ice dams on the roof is a common cause of mold growth in the attic.

5. Upgrade your insulation. Some house have minimal or no insulation inside exterior walls. Condensation forms on and inside cold, uninsulated walls in contact with warm, moist indoor air. 

The Mold Mitigation & Remediation Process

When there’s a water intrusion, like a roof leak or leaking water line, mold can quickly become a problem in your home or business. Mold can affect your health and can also cause significant damage to your property

Inspection & Damage Assessment           

Your property will be carefully inspected for signs of mold using technology designed to detect mold and hidden water sources. Mold feeds on cellulose and water which can be hidden from plain view.

Mold Containment                                 

Various containment procedures will be placed to prevent the spread of mold and isolate the contaminated area with physical barriers and negative air pressure to keep the mold spores from spreading during the cleanup process.

Outsourced Bookkeeping Can Save Your Company From Financial Ruin

Can a bookkeeper be called an accountant?

What’s the Difference Between Accountants and Bookkeepers?

Bookkeeping is a direct record of all purchases and sales that your business conducts, while accounting is a subjective look at what that data means for your business.

An accountant can be considered a bookkeeper, but a bookkeeper cannot be an accountant without proper certification.

To know whether you need a financial professional, look at your business as it is now and how you want it to grow financially, and decide if you can manage that on your own.

Staying on top of your finances is a key part of being a successful small business owner. As such, it’s important that your financial data is current and accurate so that you have the tools you need to make sound business decisions and ensure healthy cash flow.

As your business grows to include more customers, vendors and employees, it can get more difficult to keep track of your finances on your own.

When the bookkeeping and accounting tasks for your small business are too much to handle by yourself, it’s time to hire help. But do you need a bookkeeper or accountant? The terms are sometimes used interchangeably, and there can be some overlap in what they do, but there are distinct differences.

Here’s what you need to know to decide which is best for you.

The function of accounting

Accounting is a high-level process that uses financial information compiled by a bookkeeper or business owner, and produces financial models using that information.

The process of accounting is more subjective than bookkeeping, which is largely transactional.

Accounting is comprised of:

  • Preparing adjusting entries (recording expenses that have occurred but aren’t yet recorded in the bookkeeping process)
  • Preparing company financial statements
  • Analyzing costs of operations
  • Completing income tax returns
  • Aiding the business owner in understanding the impact of financial decisions

The process of accounting provides reports that bring key financial indicators together. The result is a better understanding of actual profitability, and an awareness of cash flow in the business. Accounting turns the information from the ledger into statements that reveal the bigger picture of the business, and the path the company is progressing on. Business owners will often look to accountants for help with strategic tax planning, financial forecasting, and tax filing.

The function of bookkeeping

Bookkeeping is the process of recording daily transactions in a consistent way, and is a key component to building a financially successful business.

Bookkeeping is comprised of:

  • Recording financial transactions
  • Posting debits and credits
  • Producing invoices
  • Maintaining and balancing subsidiaries, general ledgers, and historical accounts
  • Completing payroll

Maintaining a general ledger is one of the main components of bookkeeping. The general ledger is a basic document where a bookkeeper records the amounts from sale and expense receipts. This is referred to as posting and the more sales that are completed, the more often the ledger is posted. A ledger can be created with specialized software, a computer spreadsheet, or simply a lined sheet of paper.

The complexity of a bookkeeping system often depends on the the size of the business and the number of transactions that are completed daily, weekly, and monthly. All sales and purchases made by your business need to be recorded in the ledger, and certain items need supporting documents. The IRS lays out which business transactions require supporting documents on their website.

The bookkeeper role vs the accountant role

Bookkeepers and accountants sometimes do the same work. But in general, a bookkeeper’s first task is to record transactions and keep you financially organized, while accountants provide consultation, analysis, and are more qualified to advise on tax matters.

Bookkeeper credentials

Typically, bookkeepers aren’t required to have any formal education. To be successful in their work, bookkeepers need to be sticklers for accuracy, and knowledgeable about key financial topics. Usually, the bookkeeper’s work is overseen by either an accountant or the small business owner whose books they are doing. So a bookkeeper can’t call themselves an “accountant.”

Accountant credentials

To qualify for the title of an accountant, generally an individual must have a bachelor’s degree in accounting. For those that don’t have a specific degree in accounting, finance degrees are often considered an adequate substitute.

Accountants, unlike bookkeepers, are also eligible to acquire additional professional certifications. For example, accountants with sufficient experience and education can obtain the title of Certified Public Accountant (CPA), one of the most common types of accounting designations. To become a CPA, an accountant must pass the Uniform Certified Public Accountant exam and possess experience as a professional accountant.

When to Use a Bookkeeper Instead of an Accountant

Most accountants freely admit that bookkeeping is neither their strength nor is it how they want to spend their time. They are much more interested in the big picture and can’t really devote themselves to a year’s worth of debits and credits. Also, they’re probably more proficient tax software than in bookkeeping software.

Likewise, bookkeepers can build accurate financial statements, but are not really the experts in looking at all of the combined sources of income and assets to give tax advice. That’s best left to a qualified accountant.

How can bookkeepers be the perfect partners to an accountant? By making sure a file arrives on their desk with all asset and liability accounts reconciled, revenue and expenses posted correctly, and most importantly, retained earnings unchanged from the previous year. Ideally, the accountant will be immediately able to sit down with the business owner and discuss year-end strategies. A perfect file would have less than five year-end adjusting entries.

Similarly, an accountant can do many things to assist the bookkeeper. Being available for guidance and advice on compliance issues throughout the year is invaluable. Also, feedback at tax time will help reduce future year-end entries. The best accountants I work with contact me before they do the year-end entries to tap into my knowledge of the file and ensure their accounting entries won’t mess up my bookkeeping!

In the end, the real winner when bookkeepers and accountants work in harmony are the business owners. They can get on with running their business while a professional partnership takes care of the finances!

Professional Or Do It Yourself Carpet Cleaning

Cleaning tips for your carpet

It is bound to happen that one accidentally spills or drops something sticky on a carpet. The important thing to do then, is to deal with the stain or the spillage immediately. If not action is taken, the stain will penetrate into the carpet and make it harder to be removed.

things to keep in mind if an accident occurs:

Deal with the stain immediately.

Ladle fluids carefully with a spoon.

Dilute with cold water if necessary.

Dab away – do not rub – fluids and other spillage with paper towels or a clean cotton cloth.

Work from the edge towards the middle of the spillage.

Use a very small amount of detergent and cold water, but only if necessary.

Brush lightly with a clothes brush if needed.

Repeat from step 2 if necessary.

It might be necessary to dry the wet area with a fan or a hair drier at low speed.

Finish the work by restoring the pile with a clothes brush (in the direction of the pile).

If you want to be on the safe side, it is a good idea to have a gentle and powerful stain remover at home.By acting quickly you increase the chance ofsaving your carpet and completely removing the stain without having to take it to a carpet cleaner.Keep in mind that a stain remover should be gentle on fabrics so as to not damage the fibers.

Some examples of common stains and how to remove them:

Asphalt: Carefully scrape off as much of the stain as possible with a spoon. Dampen a colourless cotton cloth with a mild solvent and dab it gently. Repeat until the stain is gone. Dab/wipe it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Beer: Absorb as much of the stain as possible with colourless kitchen paper or a colourless cotton cloth. Add a little mild detergent and dab gently. If the stain remains, try a mild vinegar solution and dab again. Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Blood: Absorb as much of the stain as possible with colourless kitchen paper or a colourless cotton cloth. Dilute any remaining stain with tepid water and absorb the remaining stain. Add a little tepid water and washing-up liquid to a cloth and dab gently. If the stain remains, try a mild ammonia solution and dab again. Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry. NOTE! If the blood is still fresh, use cold water.

Burn mark: Examine the burn to see how deep it is, it may be possible to carefully trim away the burnt section of the carpet’s pile with nail scissors.

Candlewax: Lay ice cubes on the wax until it hardens enough for you to be able to break it. Then use a stain remover if required to remove any remaining traces of the wax.

Chewinggum: Lay ice cubes on the chewing gum until it hardens enough for you to be able to break it. Then use a stain remover if required to remove any remaining traces of the chewing gum.

Chocolate: Carefully scrape off as much of the stain as possible with a spoon. Dampen a colourless cotton cloth with a mild detergent and dab it gently. If the stain remains, try a mild ammonia solution and dab again. Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Coca-Cola: Absorb as much of the stain as possible with colourless kitchen paper or a colourless cotton cloth. If the stain remains, try a mild ammonia solution and dab again, follow up with a mild vinegar solution if the stain has not been removed. Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Coffee: Absorb as much of the stain as possible with colourless kitchen paper or a colourless cotton cloth. If the stain remains, try a mild ammonia solution and dab again. Repeat until the stain is gone. Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Cookingfat: Carefully scrape off as much of the stain as possible with a spoon. Dampen a colourless cotton cloth with a mild detergent and dab it gently. If the stain remains, try a mild ammonia solution and dab again. Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Glue: Wet the entire stain with a colourless cotton cloth soaked in vinegar or alcohol. Then carefully dab and dry.

Grease: Carefully scrape off as much of the stain as possible with a spoon. Dampen a colourless cotton cloth with a mild detergent and dab it gently. If the stain remains, try a mild vinegar solution and dab again. Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Ice-cream: Carefully scrape off as much of the stain as possible with a spoon. If the stain remains, try dampening a colourless cotton cloth with a mild ammonia solution and dab again, follow up with a mild vinegar solution if the stain has not been removed. Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Ink: Coat the stain in hairspray and leave it to dry, then carefully brush the stain away with a solution of water and vinegar.

Juice: Absorb as much of the stain as possible with colourless kitchen paper or a colourless cotton cloth. If the stain remains, try a mild ammonia solution and dab again, follow up with a mild vinegar solution if the stain has not been removed. Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Ketchup: Carefully scrape off as much of the stain as possible with a spoon. Dampen a colourless cotton cloth with a mild detergent and dab it gently. If the stain remains, try a mild ammonia solution and dab agoved. Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Lipstick: Carefully scrape off as much of the stain as possible with a spoon. If the stain remains, try dampening a colourless cotton cloth with a mild ammonia solution and dab again, follow up with a mild vinegar solution if the stain has not been removed. Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Liquor: Absorb as much of the stain as possible with colourless kitchen paper or a colourless cotton cloth. If the stain remains, try a mild ammonia solution and dab again. Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Milk: Absorb as much of the stain as possible with colourless kitchen paper or a colourless cotton cloth. Dampen a colourless cotton cloth with a mild detergent and dab it gently. If the stain remains, try a mild ammonia solution and dab again. Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Mustard: Carefully scrape off as much of the stain as possible with a spoon. Dampen a colourless cotton cloth with a mild detergent and dab it gently. If the stain remains, try a mild ammonia solution and dab again. Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Nailvarnish: Carefully scrape off as much of the stain as possible with a spoon. Use a colourless cotton cloth and carefully dab with a little nail varnish remover. If the stain remains, add a little detergent, dab gently and follow up with a mild ammonia solution and then a mild vinegar solution if the stain has not been removed. ##Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Oil: Carefully scrape off as much of the stain as possible with a spoon. Dampen a colourless cotton cloth with a mild detergent and dab it gently. Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Paint: Carefully scrape off as much of the stain as possible with a spoon. Dampen a colourless cotton cloth with a mild detergent and dab it gently. If the stain remains, try a mild ammonia solution and dab again, follow up with a mild vinegar solution if the stain has not been removed. Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Shoe polish: Carefully scrape off as much of the stain as possible with a spoon. Dampen a colourless cotton cloth with a mild detergent and dab it gently. If the stain remains, try a mild ammonia solution and dab again, follow up with a mild vinegar solution if the stain has not been removed. Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Soft drinks: Absorb as much of the stain as possible with colourless kitchen paper or a colourless cotton cloth. If the stain remains, try a mild ammonia solution and dab again, follow up with a mild vinegar solution if the stain has not been removed. Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Soot: Carefully vacuum up the soot and avoid dragging the nozzle across the carpet.

Tea: Absorb as much of the stain as possible with colourless kitchen paper or a colourless cotton cloth. If the stain remains, try a mild vinegar solution and dab gently. Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Urine/excrement: Absorb as much of the stain as possible with colourless kitchen paper or a colourless cotton cloth, alternatively carefully scrape off as much of the stain as possible with a spoon. Then rinse the stain with a mix of water and distilled white vinegar, approx. one tablespoon per 20 cl water. Then carefully wipe off as much as possible from the carpet. If the urine stain is dry when you discover it, still act fast, and take the carpet to a carpet cleaner specialising in oriental carpets. NOTE! Do not use urine remover as this damages the wool in the carpet.

Vomit: Carefully scrape off as much of the stain as possible with a spoon. Dampen a colourless cotton cloth with a mild detergent and dab it gently. If the stain remains, try a mild vinegar solution and dab again. Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Wax: Lay blotting paper or a brown paper bag on the stain. Use a warm iron across the blotting paper/paper bag until the wax is absorbed. It is important that you keep the iron moving to avoid burning the carpet.

Wine: Absorb as much of the stain as possible with colourless kitchen paper or a colourless cotton cloth. If the stain remains, try a mild vinegar solution and dab gently. Dab it with a dry cloth until it is dry.

Carpet Cleaning Secrets of the Pros to Try at Home

Never Rub the Stain!

The most common mistake people do when dealing with a stain is to rub it. Professional carpet cleaners say this is the worst thing you can do because it will embed the dirt deeper into the carpet fibres. No doubt this is an instant reaction due to panic, but the first thing you should do is to blot the spill with an absorbent paper towel or napkin, applying gentle pressure.

The professionals advise us to have these essential items available in your home at all times:

Club soda: great for removing beer and wine stains

White distilled vinegar: a mixture of water and vinegar can help you deal with juice stains

Dishwashing liquid: If you don’t have specialised carpet cleaner or are not sure of detergent to use, make a solution of warm water mixed with two drops of dishwashing liquid.

Ammonia: this is a cheap, all-purpose substance for cleaning a wide variety of stains

Wet wipes: use them to blot light stains on your carpet

Remove Chewing Gum with Ice

If you have kids, you have probably already battled with chewing gums stuck to everything in the house, including carpets and upholstery. To remove it, get a few ice cubes and put them on the gum for at least 1 minute. Gum will freeze quickly, and you can get rid of it by scraping it off the carpet with a butter knife or a spoon. You may have to cut a few fibres to save your rug, but it won’t be noticeable, especially after the next deep carpet cleaning.

Dealing with Wax Stains

We all like to use aromatic candles to give the house a pleasant scent. But accidents do happen and it can end with a puddle of wax on the carpet. The best way to clean the stain is to melt the wax.

Importance of Clean Furnishings with Professional Rug and Carpet Cleaning Services

Of all the furnishings in a home, your rug and carpet experience the most direct traffic which contributes to dirt accumulation and general wear and tear. It is important to keep your rugs and carpet clean and well maintained to not only keep it looking new, but also to increase its longevity.

Rid Your Home of Harmful Allergens and Bacteria

Your carpet and area rugs serve an important purpose in the home. They also trap allergens, bacteria, and other particles by acting as giant filters. This keeps harmful contaminants in your carpets and rugs and out of the air you breathe.

But here’s the catch—just like with any filter, your carpet and area rugs become full. If not cleaned regularly, your furnishings can actually be breeding grounds for bacteria. As a result, this can contribute to asthma and chronic allergies. Yikes!

Carpet & Rug Cleaning Can Help Prevent Mold Growth

Especially in areas with high humidity levels, dirty carpets and rugs are at high risk of developing mold growth. In precipitous weather, moisture frequently gets tracked into the home. Therefore, this can sink deep in the carpet fibers if not dried and vacuumed immediately.

Having your carpets and area rugs cleaned regularly can prevent mold and mildew growth, because professional rug and carpet cleaners have high-powered drying tools that annihilate moisture. By eliminating moisture, you can prevent mold growth that can be harmful to your health if ignored for too long.

Things to Look For In Carpet Cleaning Services

If your carpet looks dirty, people might assume that your entire facility is dirty. Foot traffic, soil and spills can quickly age the appearance of your carpet and damage the professional image your facility projects

Some of us would just look up for a name of carpet cleaning companies in the telephone dictionary or online whichever comes first on the list and just hire them without having enough knowledge about the company. Lot of times this would result in bad hire, it is important to understand that not all companies provide the same services. Below is the list of some important questions which should be asked before contracting work to any business.

How long has the company been in business?

An established business will have experience of several years; well established businesses demonstrate knowledge, well trained labor, trust and reliability.

Is business bonded or insured?

A professional business will always have insurance bond that covers them and others in case of damages during work in your building. It demonstrates duty of care towards its employees and safety of your company’s possessions. It also insures legal and good hiring practices of employees.

Do you provide trial services?

Some companies might offer you a free trial of their services to prove you that their methods, equipment and staff both meet your requirements and exceed your expectations.

Finding the best carpet cleaner

The best carpet cleaner is not necessarily the first one!

Most people go straight to the internet when looking for service people in their local area.  You spill something on the carpet or you have family coming over for the holidays.  Suddenly you are in desperate need of the best carpet cleaner you can find.

Naturally, the first thing you do is a search online. You are then confronted with an often confusing array of businesses all vying for your attention. We have all been there, right?  How do you choose? There are some simple questions you can ask to find the best carpet cleaner for your needs and budget.

Search Results: Who do I call to get the best carpet cleaner?

Paid listings

Your first instinct is probably to go with the first three businesses listed in the search results.  However, it may not give you the quality results you are looking for.  Usually in the search engines such as Google, Yahoo and Bing, the first 3-4 listings are paid advertising.  This does not mean these businesses are not worth considering, but just keep in mind that it may mean that they are paid listings and they will therefore have a large marketing budget and usually these costs are passed on to the consumer through carpet cleaning pricing.

Local listings

Next there are the local search results that take into consideration your search location.  These results will usually give you the contact details for carpet cleaners in your local area.  This is great because often local businesses can come at short notice or even often a local discount as they do not have to factor in travel costs.  However make sure you verify where they are based.  Some of the larger carpet cleaning businesses claim to be from every suburb in a wide area, meaning they probably sub contract out to cleaners in many different areas.  This means you may not get the business you thought you were hiring.

Organic listings

Finally there are pages and pages of free or organic listings.  This is were you can usually find the good, the bad and the ugly! I would recommend considering the businesses listed on the first page and narrow your search down the three or four of these listings to call for a quote.  Keep in mind however that in larger cities where there is a lot of competition, the top three are not necessarily the best carpet cleaners.  They may be on top because they are the best at marketing and SEO rather than carpet cleaning!

Dentist Tooth Whitening And Home-Based Systems

What are the types of dental treatment?

The type of dentist a person needs to visit depends on their age and the oral health condition they have. The most common types of dentistry include general dentistry, family dentistry, cosmetic dentistry, pediatric dentistry, orthodontics, and specialty dentistry.

To ensure you receive the proper care, read about the different types of dentists and the services they offer below:

General Dentistry

Eighty percent of dental practitioners are general dentists. They are concerned with the overall health of teeth and oral hygiene. Instead of specializing in one specific area, general dentists offer:

  • Restorative dentistry, which includes dental implants, dental bridges, dental bonding, inlays, onlays, and dentures
  • Cavity fillings and other tooth decay treatments
  • Dental exams and teeth cleanings
  • Dental X-rays
  • Fluoride treatment
  • Wisdom teeth removal
  • Simple tooth extractions (baby teeth and adult teeth)
  • Cosmetic dentistry

Family Dentistry

Similar to general dentistry, family dentistry focuses on the health and oral hygiene of teeth. Common procedures and treatments include cavity fillings, sealants, teeth cleanings, and gum disease treatment.

Family dentists treat people during every stage of life. This is because people require different dental care throughout life, depending on their age. For example, oral care for a baby or child is different from that of an adult:

  • Dental care for pregnant women and babies
  • Dental care for teens and young adults
  • Dental care for adults
  • Dental care for seniors (65+)

Cosmetic Dentistry

Cosmetic dentistry procedures improve a patient’s smile and self-image. Many general dentists perform cosmetic procedures. However, they must go through additional training after dental school to become certified.

Cosmetic dentistry is not a new practice. However, esthetic treatments are becoming more popular because having an attractive and healthy smile is important to many people.

Common cosmetic procedures and treatments include:

  • Teeth whitening treatment
  • Veneers
  • Gingivectomy (gum contouring)
  • Braces, which are not strictly cosmetic. They create cosmetic results but have many functional aspects as well. These functions include fixing jaw misalignment and crooked teeth, which makes the teeth easier to brush and floss between, ultimately improving a patient’s oral hygiene.

Types of Dental Specialists

There are 9 board-certified dental specialties, but only six focus on individual patient care. General and family dentists provide a wide array of services, while dental specialists are experts in one field of dentistry:


This field of dentistry deals with the periodontium, which are the soft tissues that support and surround the teeth in the mandibular (lower) and maxillary (upper) jawbones.

Periodontists focus on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth. These dental experts also specialize in the function, overall health, and aesthetics of tissue structure.


The primary role of a prosthodontist is to diagnose and restore missing or damaged oral tissues to proper function. They specialize in dental restorations, which restore missing teeth, decayed teeth, or damaged teeth. About 20 percent of a general dentist’s time is spent on prosthetic services.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons

Oral surgeons specialize in treating the esthetic and functional features of the oral and maxillofacial region. Oral surgeries are typically needed because of accidental injury, trauma, disease, deformities, periodontal issues, dental caries, or tooth loss.


Endodontists deal with the dental pulp and periradicular tissues, which are the blood vessels, tissues, and nerves surrounding a tooth’s root. They are highly trained in performing root canals and surgeries for dental pulp diseases. General dentists perform two root canals per week, while endodontists perform 25 per week (on average).


Orthodontists specialize in malocclusion treatment, a condition where the teeth are not positioned correctly in the upper and lower jaws. Malocclusions can lead to an improper bite, such as an overbite or underbite. Orthodontists provide fixed and removable appliances that correct an individual’s bite and realign teeth over time.



Bonding is a treatment that can be used to repair teeth that are decayed, chipped, fractured or discoloured or to reduce gaps between teeth. For this procedure, a dentist mixes composite resin — a type of plastic — into a paste, then tints the mixture to whiten or match the color of your teeth. Several layers of resin are applied to each tooth. Each layer is hardened under an ultraviolet light or laser. Final steps include shaping and polishing the resin material so the finished tooth looks natural and smooth.

Bonding can also be used to build up older teeth to make them appear younger. Bonding is an option for people of all ages, including children, as the resin can be replaced as teeth grow.


A dental brace is a device used to correct the alignment of teeth and bite-related problems (including underbite, overbite, etc.). Braces straighten teeth by exerting steady pressure on the teeth. Learn more about braces and other orthodontic treatments here.

Bridges and Implants

Bridges and implants are two ways to replace a missing tooth or teeth. Bridges are false teeth anchored in place by neighbouring teeth. The bridge consists of two crowns on the anchoring teeth along with the false tooth in the centre. Dental implants are artificial roots used to support replacement teeth.

Crowns and Caps

A crown or cap is a cover that fits over a tooth that has been damaged by decay, broken, badly stained or mis-shaped. It is prepared by your dentist, and usually requires more than one visit to complete.

A crown can be made of acrylic, metal, porcelain, or porcelain bonded to metal. All-porcelain crowns look more like your natural teeth, and therefore are usually used for front teeth, while porcelain bonded to metal is stronger and better for crowns in the back of the mouth. Sometimes all-metal crowns are used for back teeth because of the metal’s strength.

To prepare your tooth for a crown, the tooth is first frozen with anesthesia, and then filed down so the cap can fit over it. An impression of the teeth and gums is made, and a temporary cap is fitted over the tooth until the permanent crown is ready. On your next visit, the dentist will remove the temporary cap and cement the crown onto the tooth. The crown will closely match the colour and shape of your natural teeth.


A severely damaged tooth may need to be extracted. Permanent teeth may also need to be removed for orthodontic treatment.


Dentures are prosthetic devices replacing lost teeth. There are two types of dentures – partial and full. Full dentures are often referred to as “false teeth”. Learn more on our Dentures page.

Fillings and Repairs

Dental fillings and repairs use restorative materials used to repair teeth which have been compromised due to cavities or trauma. More information on fillings can be found here.

Gum Surgery

Periodontal or gum disease is an infection that affects the gums and jaw bone, which can lead to a loss of gum and teeth. There are two major stages — gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the milder and reversible form; periodontal disease is often more severe. In some cases, gum surgery will be required to reverse the effect of the disease.

Oral Cancer Examination

Oral cancer starts in the cells of the mouth, tongue or throat. Oral cancer screening is usually a routine part of a dental examination. In this exam, your dentist will feel for lumps or irregular tissue changes in your neck, head, face, and inside your mouth. Your dentist will also look for sores or discolored tissue in your mouth.

Orthodontic services

Orthodontic services help improve the alignment of the teeth and jaw. Patients who have an overbite, underbite, crossbite, or misaligned teeth may require or seek out orthodontic services to help correct such issues. Examples of orthodontic services include the use of braces, palate expanders, fixed-space maintainers, retainers, headgear, clear aligners, and other specialized dental treatments to improve the alignment of one’s teeth and bite over time.

Diagnostic and preventative dental services

General dentists often provide a wide variety of diagnostic and preventative dental services. This category of dental services is geared towards preserving oral health and avoiding the occurrence of dental issues such as cavities, gum disease, and enamel wear through preventative treatments. Examples of some of the most vital types of diagnostic and preventative services to provide at your practice include X-rays, sealants and fluoride treatments, and of course, routine cleanings and oral exams.

Dental implants

Implants are a fixed alternative to removable dentures. They may be the only option if the loss of teeth has caused the mouth to shrink so it can no longer support dentures.  You can use implants to replace just a single tooth or several teeth. To fit an implant, titanium screws are drilled into the jaw bone to support a crown, bridge or denture.

Replacement parts take time to prepare. This is to ensure that they fit your mouth and other teeth properly. This means they may not be available on your first visit to the dentist. Implants are usually only available privately and are expensive. They’re sometimes available on the NHS for patients who can’t wear dentures or whose face and teeth have been damaged, such as people who have had mouth cancer or an accident that’s knocked a tooth out.

Benefits Of Changing Transmission Repair

How long does a replaced transmission last?

Without service and maintenance, some transmissions can fail in as little as 100,000 miles. If you drive around 10-15,000 miles a year, your transmission could be down for the count in seven years!

With care and service, transmissions can last 300,000 miles or more. Scheduled fluid changes, transmission inspections, and band adjustments can save you thousands of dollars down the line from a premature transmission failure.

Transmission Warning Signs

Though there may not be a transmission warning light on your dash, the check engine light can often spell transmission trouble. A mechanic can diagnose your car by reading the error code generated by your onboard computer.

Transmission fluid leaks should be a red flag. Look for dark brown stains under where you park regularly, and check the transmission fluid dipstick for fluid levels.

If you notice the car skips gears or is sluggish to accelerate, your transmission may be slipping. A clunking sound during shifting is another warning sign to be wary of that needs service right away. Pay attention to any unusual sounds such as squealing, rattling, or humming.

Repair Versus Replacement

Small issues such as a leak are worth paying to have repaired. If most of the transmission is in good condition, but seals or bearings need to be replaced, you may find it more economical to have a mechanic repair the damage.

A transmission with more extensive issues from situations such as prolonged heat exposure or low fluid levels may end up being more costly. If a transmission has a shimmy or shake, smells burnt, or can’t shift properly, there may be more damage than is worth fixing.

If you find yourself repeatedly taking your car in for transmission repairs, a replacement may be more cost-effective. You may opt to have your current model rebuilt, or replace it all together. You can save money and time in the long run by getting a replacement, rather than going through diagnosis and repair of multiple failing parts over and over again.

The last thing you want to do is delay until your transmission fails. Your transmission may lock up entirely, which can cause you to lose control of your car and crash.

How to increase the lifetime of a rebuilt transmission

Perhaps the best way to ensure a rebuilt transmission will last is to pay attention to the quality of the replacement parts you’re installing during the service. Cutting corners when it comes to quality or completeness will certainly affect the results of your job. The quality you put into a rebuild will affect its performance on the road, so be sure you’re using only quality parts that are all intended for the specific application you’re working with (and be sure your techs are up to date on the latest transmission innnovations).

Additionally, educating your customers on proper transmission maintenance can also keep them satisfied with your work while also saving them money in the long run. By ensuring your rebuild customers are aware that regular services including fluid, oil, and filter changes, band adjustments, transmission cooler installations can extend the life of their rebuilt transmission, they’re able to take smarter care of their vehicles. You should also discourage aggressive driving that causes more wear and tear on the transmission. In summary, a rebuilt transmission can perform in the long run with the right combination of preventative measures and deliberate upkeep.

Manual vs. Automatic

While manual transmissions generally require less maintenance and attention than automatic ones do, they’re both still subject to the same issues and physical laws. Both require the proper type and grade of lubricants — some manual transmissions now use automatic transmission fluid for lubrication — in the proper amounts. Both are subject to the physical stresses of abuse, and both can suffer mechanical failure, too.

The primary differences between the two are in how the transmissions are shifted and how that shift is accomplished.

Automatic transmissions shift automatically, as the name implies, with the aid of a complex hydraulic circuit that uses fluid and pressure to apply and release clutches based on mechanical, hydraulic and electronic inputs. Manual transmissions accomplish the same goal, but the gears are changed manually using shift forks and synchros to smooth out the transitions. The clutch, which is engaged and disengaged to move through the gears, is also a manual input. Regardless of the type, maintenance plays a key role in transmission longevity.

Tips to Extending its Lifespan – Transmission Maintenance Checklist

Most car owners have their engine serviced regularly, but many completely ignore their transmission until it breaks.

Let’s look at how you can ensure they keep working properly:

1) Check Your Transmission Fluid Regularly

The fluid’s job is to absorb heat and carry it away from the moving parts. If the fluid level gets low, the internal components of your transmission can overheat and cause irreversible damage.

Check your ATF every 2-4 weeks (depending on how much you drive) with the engine running, and check your owner’s manual to be sure that you’re using the correct type of fluid.

If you drive a manual, check the clutch fluid reservoir every 2-4 weeks (if so equipped), and the transmission / differential oil every 6-12 months.

2) Have Your Transmission Serviced Regularly

Like an engine, a transmission has oil and a filter that needs to be changed every 20,000-30,000 miles, or once every 18 months. For newer cars, you should also have the transmission flushed every 40,000-50,000 miles or every 2 years, to remove all of the sediment and debris from the torque converter and cooler lines.

Vehicles with manual transmissions should have the clutch fluid and gearbox oil changed every 30,000-40,000 miles.

3) Upgrade to Synthetic Fluid

Over time, heat breaks down the organic compounds in ordinary automatic transmission fluid, rendering it much less effective. Synthetic fluid on the other hand, is much more heat resistant, making it the ideal heat removal agent if you regularly tow/haul heavy loads, or drive in environments that cause strain on the transmission (like the mountains or heavy traffic).

4) Buy a Transmission Cooler

The number one transmission killer is heat. As all of those parts move around, the friction creates heat, which causes long term damage to the seals, friction materials, metal surfaces and electronic components.

When the operating temperature climbs above 200-degrees, every 20-degree interval reduces the service life by 2. A good quality transmission cooler can significantly lower the gearbox operating temperature, which can prevent it from wearing out 2-3 times as fast.

5) Consider Your Driving Style

Driving aggressively from a stop causes intense heat buildup, as does constantly accelerating and decelerating. So if you want to extend the life of your transmission, go easy on the gas pedal, and plan your moves. This will reduce the strain on the transmission, and you’ll still arrive at your destination in about the same amount of time.

Here are 4 practices to get the most life out of your automatic transmission:

1. Regularly Service Your Transmission

Either on your own, if you have automotive maintenance experience, or by hiring a mechanic, have your transmission’s oil and filter changed. As with an oil change, refer to the manufacturer’s specifications for exact service intervals. In general, change the oil and filter every 20,000 to 30,000 miles or every 18 months. Newer cars will also want to have their automatic transmission flushed of sediment and debris every 40,000 to 50,000 miles or every 2 years.

2. Regularly Check Your Transmission Fluid

Transmission fluid is designed to remove heat from the internal components of the transmission and take it away from moving parts. Low fluid levels can cause the transmission to overheat and cause irreversible damage. Depending on how much you drive, the automatic transmission should be checked every 2 to 4 weeks with the engine running.

3. Use Synthetic Transmission Fluid

Before switching, you should be using the type of transmission fluid recommended by your owner’s manual. However, heat eventually breaks down the organic compounds in regular automatic transmission fluid and makes it less effective. More heat-resistant, synthetic fluid will benefit your aging automatic transmission over time. It’s especially helpful to those who frequently drive with heavy loads, in heavy traffic, or through the mountains.

4. Invest in a Transmission Cooler

Heat is the enemy of the transmission. Damage builds up over time from extended heat exposure to seals, metal surfaces, and electronic parts. Whenever the temperature in the transmission goes over 200-degrees, each 20-degree notch decreases the service life by half. A transmission cooler can lower the operating temperature significantly and can more than double the time it takes to wear out.

Finding The Best Among Possums Control Companies


The opossum (Didelphis virginiana) is the only native North American marsupial. Marsupials are distinguished by their abdominal pouch used for carrying their young.


An opossum is about the size of a house cat, has coarse grayish fur, a pointed face, and hairless, rounded ears. With its long hairless prehensile tail, the opossum can carry things such as nesting materials and even hang upside down from a tree branch.

Opossums are about 2 to 3 feet long, including the tail, and weigh up to 15 pounds, although most fall within the 4 to 7 pound range. Males are usually larger than females. Their feet resemble small hands with five widely spread fingers. All of the toes have a claw except for the opposable thumb on the rear foot. Opossums are well adapted for climbing. The opposable toe on the hind foot assists in holding on to small branches or similar structures.


While their natural habitats are diverse, ranging from arid to moist and wooded to open fields, opossums prefer environments near streams or wetlands. They take shelter in abandoned burrows of other animals, in tree cavities and brush piles, and beneath other dense cover.

In urban and suburban settings they may den under steps, porches, decks, garden tool sheds, and if accessible, in attics, garages, and beneath houses, where they make an untidy nest of sticks and whatever else may be available. The nest components appear piled together rather than woven or stacked. They have complex but flexible social relationships, with overlapping home ranges that allow high populations to develop when food is plentiful.



A female opossum gives birth to helpless young as tiny as honeybees. Babies immediately crawl into the mother’s pouch, where they continue to develop. As they get larger, they will go in and out of the pouch and sometimes ride on the mother’s back as she hunts for food. Opossums may give birth to as many as 20 babies in a litter, but fewer than half of them survive. Some never even make it as far as the pouch.

Scavenger Behavior

Opossums are scavengers, and they often visit human homes or settlements to raid garbage cans, dumpsters, and other containers. They are attracted to carrion and can often be spotted near roadkill. Opossums also eat grass, nuts, and fruit. They will hunt mice, birds, insects, worms, snakes, and even chickens.

“Playing Possum”

These animals are most famous for “playing possum.” When threatened by dogs, foxes, or bobcats, opossums sometimes flop onto their sides and lie on the ground with their eyes closed or staring fixedly into space. They extend their tongues and generally appear to be dead. This ploy may put a predator off its guard and allow the opossum an opportunity to make its escape.

Tree Climbing

Opossums are excellent tree climbers and spend much of their time aloft. They are aided in this by sharp claws, which dig into bark, and by a long prehensile (gripping) tail that can be used as an extra limb. Opossums nest in tree holes or in dens made by other animals.

The many tried and tested methods I used to get rid of possums in my backyard

Possums have the cutest, sweetest little marsupial faces you’ve ever seen, and you’re definitely not allowed to smack those sweet little marsupial faces with the back of a shovel – according to the Wildlife Act 1975.  So I had to try something less animal-deadly to stop possums from eating my entire backyard.

(And a warning to all possum-repellent sprayers: don’t spray on a windy day. I got tabasco/fish-sauce blow-back and had to flush out my eyes with water, then deodorise with Glade Classic Rose Air-Freshener).

Tried putting a plastic owl statue in the garden to scare the possums away, but that didn’t work either. For some reason they weren’t afraid of an owl that tipped over in a light breeze and had a Bunnings price-sticker on its wing.

Tried putting up possum-guards to stop the possums from climbing my fruit trees. These are thick plastic bands that you wind around the tree so it looks like it’s been gift-wrapped at a Japanese homewares store. But the possums just jumped over from the neighbour’s tree, then enjoyed an all-you-can-eat fruit buffet.

Tried everything. Spiky fence-strips. Extreme branch-pruning. I even tried to buy “fox-urine granules” because that’s also supposed to deter possums, but you can only get it in America (somewhere in Connecticut there must be a factory with thousands of foxes in tiny toilet cubicles, urinating from 9 to 5).

A Possum Crisp and Brown: The Opossum and American Foodways

The poem and the monument highlight a perhaps surprising fact about our old friend the opossum: it has been a significant source of meat for many Americans for a long time. In this post, we’ll take a look at American traditions around hunting, cooking, and eating our only native marsupial.

Possum Hunt!

Although you can find descriptions of opossums being hunted with guns, especially when the hunters were also interested in birds or squirrels, most possum hunters tried to take the animals alive. Opossums are nocturnal, so were generally hunted at night. A group of hunters would typically pursue the possum with dogs.

“Yielding to fate,” in this case, entails what is often called “playing possum,” but what is actually an involuntary reaction of the opossum to stress: the animal rolls over on its back and loses consciousness, very much like fainting. This allows the hunters to throw the comatose opossum in a sack or otherwise confine it, and keep hunting

The image of “treeing” a possum with dogs has become iconic in folksong and folk music as well, with such tunes and songs as “Possum up a Gum Stump” and “Possum up a ‘Simmon Tree” suggesting moments in the hunt.

How to Cook a Possum

The method of catching opossums alive had two main advantages. For one, the live opossum can be saved for a Sunday or other special occasion, or until the proper side dishes can be gathered.

What to do about an opossum in the backyard

What can I do to help this little critter? I’ve put out water in a bowl and am wondering, if it can climb a 6-foot fence to get away from the dog.

Opossums are excellent climbers, so your visitor probably could escape from your dog, but you should keep your dog out of the backyard, or use a leash, until the opossum decides to leave.

If you’re going to have wild animals in your yard, you couldn’t do any better than opossums. They eat a lot of bugs, snails and even rodents, they get along well with cats and they do not vector diseases. Opossums even have a certain immunity to rabies and can usually withstand a rattlesnake bite.

I’d suggest two things. If you’re concerned about the opossum not being able to get out of your yard, then use a humane, live trap to capture it and release it on the other side of the fence. Laws forbid you from taking it to another location, even if that’s just down the street, but you can release it on your own property. Try to find the safest place you can, away from the neighbors’ dogs.

While visiting a dear friend in Walnut Creek, we spotted an all-white squirrel playing in her backyard with several other usual ones. We had never seen one before. How rare is this? Any more information would be appreciated.

They are rare, but we’ve had reports before of white squirrels in Walnut Creek, Concord and other cities. I suspect the squirrel you saw is not albino, but a squirrel with leucism, which is a loss of pigmentation.